|SPECIAL EDITION||UWF WRITING LAB|
Is It Time for a Colonoscopy?
By Mandy Harrison
The colon is the Paul Revere of punctuation. Just as Paul Revere ran around yelling, "The British are coming, the British are coming," a colon screams, "A list is coming, a list is coming!" The colon is a strong mark of punctuation that introduces information and connects that information to the rest of a sentence. Although the colon may be used to separate, combine, and introduce, it is most commonly used to introduce a list. The following are important rules concerning using a colon to introduce a list:
RULE 1: A complete sentence must precede a colon.
-Therefore, do not use a colon
after a verb or a preposition, even though the verb or preposition may precede
-The phrases the following and as follows are
often used before a colon to make a word group preceding a colon complete.
-The phrases the following and as follows are often used before a colon to make a word group preceding a colon complete.
RULE 2:In order to avoid redundancy, do not use phrases such as for example, namely, or that is after a colon because a colon means "namely."
RULE 3: One item may make up a list.
RULE 4: A colon may be used to introduce a vertical list if the information preceding the colon is a complete sentence.
When used correctly, the colon can improve the clarity and conciseness of a person's writing. To certify that the above "colonoscopy" was successful, choose the correct sentence:
Grant applications should include: the organization's mission statement, anticipated expenses, and an overview of the proposed project.
Those attending the meeting were: Dr. Lanza, Dr. Boyd, and Dr. Wright.
The University maintains official documentation of academic
preparation such as: official transcripts for all faculty members.
ANSWER: None of the sentences are correct because
there is not a complete sentence before the colon.
CORRECT USES OF THE COLON
ANSWER: None of the sentences are correct because there is not a complete sentence before the colon.
CORRECT USES OF THE COLON
Grant applications should include the organization's mission statement, anticipated expenses, and an overview of the proposed project.
Those attending the meeting were Dr. Lanza, Dr. Boyd, and Dr. Wright.
The University maintains official documentation of academic preparation such as official transcripts for all faculty members.
The administrative division consists of three principal sections: resource management, finance, and customer service.
The critical problems in this company are
The Numbers Game
By Brian Hansen
Figures (numerals) are used to
express dates (August 13, since 1992), hours when they precede a.m. or p.m.
(8:00 a.m.), page numbers (page 666), numbers containing decimals ($2.5
million settlement), and chapter numbers (Chapter 11).
By Justin Parafinczuk
Contrary to popular belief, each punctuation rule was made with a logical and specific intent. In fact, punctuation rules are crucial in allowing a writer to convey his or her point unambiguously. For instance, when there is a series of items in a sentence, the items in the series must be separated by commas.
COMMAS: Stora Enso Paper has offices in Finland, Wisconsin, and Belgium.
However, sometimes when a list is embedded in a sentence, it is necessary to use semicolons, instead of commas, to separate the items that must be grouped together within the list.
SEMICOLONS: Sora Enso Paper has offices in Helsinki, Finland; Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin; and Brussels, Belgium.
If this rule is not followed, the meaning of some lists may be misconstrued.
WHICH TELEPHONE GRAMMAR
TELEPHONE GRAMMAR II
ON-THE-JOB GRAMMAR TIP
The writer or
speaker implies; His memo implied that the
project The general manager inferred from
His memo implied that the projectwould be delayed.
The general manager inferred from the memothat the project would be delayed.
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