Wade Jeffrey 2015

Dr. Wade Jeffrey

Biography:

Dr. Wade Jeffrey is Professor and Director of the Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bioremediation. Jeffrey is an oceanographer focusing on bacterial function and diversity in the ocean. He studies the effects of ultraviolet radiation on marine microbes and has worked around the globe. He has also been involved with projects examining the effects of oil on microbial communities in the Gulf of Mexico, spawned by the 2010 BP oil spill.

A UWF faculty member since 1991, he has taught many courses, including Biological Oceanography, Climate Change Biology and Professional Development in Biology. Jeffrey has raised more than $6.5 million in outside funding for research projects that involved him, other faculty members and students. Jeffrey earned a Ph.D. and an M.S. in Marine Science from the University of South Florida and a B.S. in Biology from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He also was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the EPA Research Laboratory on Pensacola Beach.

Numerous publications have carried his findings in leading journals including Nature, Nature Microbiology, Limnology and Oceanography, and Biogeosciences. He has represented UWF on the Florida Institute of Oceanography’s advisory committee for over 15 years. In addition he has been Associate Editor since 2004 of Limnology and Oceanography, which publishes original research articles, reviews, and comments about all aspects of limnology (the study of inland waters) and oceanography.

Degrees & Institutions:

Postdoctoral Fellow, EPA Research Laboratory
Ph.D. Marine Science, , University of South Florida
M.S.  Marine Science, University of South Florida
B.S. Biology Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Research:

I am trained as an oceanographer with a specialization in marine microbial ecology.  For most of my career I have focused on how ultraviolet radiation (UV) affects marine microbes.  Since UV is almost everywhere, my lab has worked from the Arctic to Antarctic oceans, coral reefs, mountain lakes, the Mediterranean Sea, and our backyard in the Gulf of Mexico.  Most recently I have begun to investigate the extreme environments found in the Atacama Desert in Chile.  My approach combines aspects of microbiology, oceanography, molecular biology, and photobiology. Since 2010 I have also been heavily involved with research associated with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.  We have done extensive work on the microbial diversity of the northeast Gulf of Mexico and how it is affected by oil. My current work focuses on how environmental parameters (for example sunlight, temperature, salinity) interacts with oil to change its toxicity to marine microbes.

Classes Taught:

    • Biology Seminar
    • Concepts in Oceanography & Marine Biology
    • Professional Development in Biology

Publications:

    Snyder, R.A., M. Ederington-Hagy, F. Hileman, J. Moss, L. Amick, R. Carruth, M. Head, J. Marks, J. Nienow, and W.H. Jeffrey. 2014. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations across the Florida Panhandle continental shelf and slope after the BP MC 252 well failure. Marine Pollution Bulletin 89: 201-208.

    Meador, J.A., A.J. Baldwin, J.D. Pakulski, W.H. Jeffrey, D.L. Mitchell, and T. Douki. 2014. The significance of the Dewar valence photoisomer as an ultraviolet radiation induced DNA photoproduct in marine microbial communities. Environmental Microbiology 16: 1808-1820. DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12414.

    Ortega-Retuerta, E., W.H. Jeffrey, J-F. Ghiglione, and F. Joux. 2012. Evidence of heterotrophic prokaryotic activity limitation by nitrogen in the Western Arctic Ocean during summer. Polar Biology 35: 785-794. DOI 10.1007/s00300-011-1109-8

    Pakulski. J.D., J.A. Meador, J.P. Kase, and W.H. Jeffrey. 2008. Effect of stratospheric ozone depletion and enhanced ultraviolet radiation on marine bacteria at Palmer Station, Antarctica in the early austral spring. Photochemistry and Photobiology 84: 215-221.


Keywords: ultraviolet radiation effect on marine microbes, oil spill microbiology, environmental impacts of 2010 BP oil spill, Gulf of Mexico marine microbiology, ozone depletion, DNA damage and repair, biological oceanography, microbial diversity, Deepwater Horizon oil spill

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