Archaeological Site Transformation Processes and the Spanish Presidio Santa Maria de Galve (1689-1998)

Harry James Wilson

          Cultural and environmental processes play important roles in the development of archaeological sites. These processes have been in operation on the remains of the Spanish presidio Santa María de Galve near present-day Pensacola, Florida since the Spanish first started the site in 1698. The location of the archaeological remains reflects the Spanish emphasis on the strategic defensive aspects of the location, and also their attempts to cope with conditions not conducive to settlement. Since 1722, however, the archaeological remains of the community have changed because of natural forces, such as erosion and bioturbation, and cultural endeavors, such as construction and agriculture. The site is dynamic and continues to change as new forces impact its deposits.