History and Archaeology at Plaza Ferdinand an Analysis of Spanish and British Colonial Lifeways

April Leigh Whitaker

          The discipline of historical archaeology has allowed archaeologists to investigate colonial lifeways in order to gain a better understanding of Pensacola's history. While much of the archaeological research in downtown Pensacola has focused on the military component of colonial Pensacola, the archaeology conducted at Plaza Ferdinand gave researchers a chance to look at the civilian community of First Spanish and British Pensacola. Although historical documents provide valuable information regarding the Spanish and British communities, social identities such as ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender are, at times, undocumented historically. This study demonstrates that identification of ethnicity, status, and gender can be detected through an analysis of artifacts, particularly ceramics, and architecture. By using both historical both historical and archaeological information, this thesis provides new insight into a relatively unknown facet of Pensacola's history.