Life in the Company Town: Bay Point Mill Company and Pinewood, Florida

Robert Allen Moon

          In 1904 three brothers of the Rosasco Family purchased a small lumber mill in the Florida panhandle. This mill, the Bay Point Lumber Mill, had been in operation since before the Civil War. Associated with the mill was the small town of Pinewood, Florida. This town was a company town, home for many of the mill employees and was closed to most outside influences. The town of Pinewood was divided into five different residential areas: Bay Front Road, The Rosasco Home, Front Street, Back Street and the Quarters. Through recent historic and archaeological research most of the town has been relocated, however important parts remain hidden below the ground. Through the use of historical information and archaeological investigations all areas of the former town of Pinewood have been relocated. Additionally, two explanations for understanding the social interaction among different economic and ethnic groups are explored. The archaeological evidence did not support that society at Pinewood was a more open society as was expected. Rather, the evidence shows that African-American groups may not have had the same access and opportunity to improve their living conditions as in other areas of the site.