Patterns in the Piney Woods: Naval Stores Site Catchment Analysis and Predictive Model, Washington County, Florida

Mark F. Martinkovic

          This thesis proposes a predictive model for locating naval stores archaeological resources based on site catchment analysis. Naval stores, a timber-related extractive industry also called the turpentine industry, supplied needed turpentine and rosin to the world market and provided employment for residents of northwest Florida during the late eighteenth through the middle twentieth century. With its rich naval stores history, the Sandhills and Sinkholes study area in Washington County, Florida, provided an opportunity to develop and test a predictive model. A review of pertinent archaeological literature revealed four distinct archaeological site types and transportation lines, which constitute the naval stores production system. Harvesting pine gum and worker travel time were the key factors in turpentine still placement and predictive model building. The model was applied to the study area and successfully tested in an adjacent area with known naval stores sites.