Spatial Organization of Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa (1722-1752)

Marissa Condosta Gordon

          Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa was a settlement of New Spain established on the Gulf Coast of Florida in 1722 and destroyed by a hurricane in 1752. This thesis examines the spatial organization of the presidio through a distributional analysis of the artifacts found during the 1964, 2002 and 2003 excavation seasons. The goal of this thesis was to build a predicative model of Presidio Santa Rosa using the archaeological features and artifact assemblage along with the historical documents to gain a better understanding of the design and layout of an eighteenth century Spanish/Mexican presidio. Although general interpretations can be made about the presidio, the site proved to be fairly homogenous and not conducive to creating a reliable model based on intrasite comparisons.