A Study of Colonial Households Occupied in British and Second Spanish Pensacola, 1763-1821

Elizabeth Ashley Flynt

          Despite changes in imperial control, the non-elite communities of British and Second Spanish Pensacola functioned in a similar manner. This work examines the historical context and material culture of multiple households and defines an artifact assemblage of a non-elite household occupied during either the British or Second Spanish period. Adaptive strategies employed by the colonial community as its inhabitants sought political, economic, and social stability will also be addressed. Moreover, this research considers how individual elements of identity, such as ethnicity and socioeconomic status, were expressed materially. A combined analysis of the historical and archaeological records of the selected households demonstrates that items associated with specific ethnic groups were not visible while those associated with class were clearly evident in the households of the non-elite communities of late colonial Pensacola.