Multiple Paragraph Essay

A. Striking opener or background information
B. Opening remarks
C. Thesis statement

Three or more support paragraphs, each containing
A. Topic Sentence B. Topic Sentence
1. Subpoint 1. Subpoint
a. Detail a. Detail
b. Detail b. Detail
2. Subpoint 2. Subpoint
a. Detail a. Detail
b. Detail b. Detail

A. Review main point (do not use exact repetition)
B. Present conclusion, solution, or personal statement


                   Types of Introductions

The anecdote
- an incident of personal significance

The introductory quotation
- an authority is quoted, and the author then comments upon or takes issue with the given opinion. Or the subject itself is quoted and used as an example of what the essay will be discussing.

The pointedly brief statement
- a blunt, affirmative statement of only a few words.

The introductory analogy
- a comparison of things that are otherwise dissimilar.

The rhetorical question
- a question you don't want to have answered



What Is Your Point of View?

I, the person writing, am writing in FIRST PERSON.
*First person point of view uses first person pronouns (I, me, we, us) to speak to the reader from the page.
For personal experience essays, some memos, letters, autobiographies

YOU, the person(s) written to, are writing in SECOND PERSON.
*The intentional use of second person pronouns such as you and your engages the writer and the reader in a personal conversation.
For letters, memos, some process analysis essays
Using YOU, second person, involves the reader unfairly and therefore should be avoided in essays which require a first or third person perspective.

THEY, the person(s) written about, are writing in THIRD PERSON.
*The use of third person pronouns (he, she, it, they, them) expresses an objective point of view that puts the emphasis on the topic (the person, place, thing, or idea written about) rather than on the person writing the essay.
For expository essays, narratives, descriptions, argumentative essays, some memos


Writing Conclusions

     Your conclusion must be related to, must grow out of, what has come before. It is your last chance to remind your reader of your main idea and to drive home its importance. It is not the place to introduce irrelevant or trivial new topics. It is not the place to worry about counting words. The words of your conclusion are the last ones your reader will see, and they ought to be good words.


Thesis Statement

  • A thesis statement should be
    a statement of your informed opinion about the topic
  • a single declarative sentence
  • precise
  • a promise of the tone of the paper
  • argumentative
  • an indication of the structure of the paper


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