Social Psychology Study Guide --Test # 1



 1) What are the six universal influence principles discussed in class?

 2) Discuss the five stages of helping behavior proposed by Latane and Darley and summarize studies that illustrate each stage.


 3) Explain how the assessment of costs can influence how individuals help others.

 4) Explain how the numerous variables studied by Milgram relate to obedience rates (e.g., proximity, institutional site, gender, closeness of authority, obedient and disobedient peers).


 5) Summarize the factors that influence rates of conformity (e.g., group size, presence of a partner, commitment to a position) affect conformity rates.


 6) What is social loafing and why does it occur?  How can it be prevented?


 7) Describe groupthink.  What "causes" it to happen and what are the results of this phenomena?


 8) Give a definition of conformity and distinguish (with research examples) between the two types of social influence (informative and normative).


 9) Explain how and why social loafing and social facilitation occur.


10) State why the compliance techniques (FITD, DITF, TNA, Low Ball, etc.) that were covered in class work (e.g., reciprocity, commitment, scarcity, social validation, ingratiation).


11) If there such as thing as altruism?  If so, why? 


12) How does the negative-state relief model relate to helping behavior?

13) Explain helping behavior in terms of the following factors:

1) Attribution process
2) Similarity
3) Positive affect
4) Past experience
5) Culture

14) Describe the various forms of justice perceptions, how they can relate to the acceptance of decisions, and the possible consequences of justice violations.

15) Distinguish between descriptive and injunctive norms and how they work.

16)  Summarize the procedure and findings of Zimbardo's Prison Simulation study.

17) Discuss whether Milgram found evidence for so-called "destructive" obedience (why or why not).