Department of Psychology
 

Legal Issues in Industrial/Organizational Psychology

(INP 5131)

 

 

Instructor: Dr. Stephen J. Vodanovich

 

Phone: 474-2944  Building 41, Room 220 (Office), Room 225 (Research Lab)

e-mail: stevevodanovich@uwf.edu

 

Required reading:  Gutman, A., Koppes, L, & Vodanovich, S. J. (draft version).  EEO Law and Personnel Practices   (3rd ed.).  Taylor and Francis Publishers.  Supreme Court cases. Guidelines, Laws, and Acts (included on syllabus below). 

Click here for Adobe Acrobat Reader  (needed to view certain legal documents)

 

~ Primary Learning Objectives ~

Students should be able to:

           

1)  Explain the major legal issues in I/O psychology, including the importance and complexity of these

     issues.

2)  Summarize the content of primary legal sources (e.g., Court cases, Acts, Guidelines).

3)  Discuss the impact of court cases, guidelines, etc. for individuals, organizations, and society.

4)  Give formal presentations that succinctly review the legal status of a given issue and evaluate its

      strengths and weaknesses.

5)  State how organizations can implement practices and procedures that allow them to comply with

      EEOC regulations and help prevent various forms of discrimination.

 

~ Approximate Timeline ~

 

8/25 --- INTRODUCTION/OVERVIEW  ---

Text - Chapter # 1

>>> Biographies of Current Supreme Court Justices

TIP Extent of coverage of legal issues in I/O programs

Introduction

Constitutional Amendments I - X (Bill of Rights)

All Amendments

 

Glossary of Legal Terms

~ Legal Dictionaries ~

  Jurist Legal Dictionary, University of Pittsburg
  NOLO Legal Dictionary
  Duhaime's Law Dictionary
  Law.com Dictionary

~Legal Sources on the Web ~

      Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    Find Law
   Legal Information Institute at Cornell University
Supremecourt.gov (Opinions, Oral Arguments, Dockets)
  v/lex (Case law and other legal sources)

Oyez Project (Contains audio files of oral arguments and/or opinions of court cases. 

                       All links to such files below are from the Oyez Project)

Open Jurist (Case Law, U.S. Code)
UScourts.gov (Federal courts, rules, policies)
OFCCP BlogSpot (News and information regarding EEO/Affirmative Action topics)
Justia.com (Cases, Codes)
  Department of Labor (Laws & Regulations)
   Occupational Safety & Health Administration
   Department of Justice
   National Archives & Records Administration  (Federal Regulations, Public Laws)

 


8/27 --- MAJOR Title VII Judical Scenarios -

Disparate Treatment and Pattern and Practice Slides

               

McDonnell-Douglas v. Green, 411 U.S. 792 (1973)

» Uniform Guidelines on disparate treatment  



               

Title VII Basics

 

Furnco Construction Corp. v. Waters, 438 U.S. 567 (1978)

Texas Dept. Of Community Affairs v. Burdine, 450 U.S. 248 (1981)

St. Mary's Honor Ctr. v. Hicks (92-602), 509 U.S. 502 (1993)

 

9/3 ---TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION & RULES OF EVIDENCE FOR DISCRIMINATION (cont.)

» Uniform Guidelines on disparate impact (4/5 rule)   ||  Text - Chapter # 2

TIP On the Legal Front (Gutman) Adverse Impact: Why Is It So Difficult to Understand?


Teamsters v. United States, 431 U.S. 324 (1977)

Hazelwood School District v. United States, 433 U.S. 299 (1977)

 

Disparate Treatment slides

» Uniform Guidelines on  documentation of impact (& validity evidence)

 

>> Internet Applicants:

Definition of "Job Applicant" for Internet and Related Electronic Technologies -- Q&A

Adoption of Questions and Answers of "Job Applicant" by the UGESP  


9/8 --- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

 

Slides - Some key Title VII points

Text - Chapter # 3

Fact Sheets on ---

 


9/10 --- EMPLOYMENT TESTING ---

Text - Chapter # 2

Griggs v. Duke Power Co. 401 U.S. 424 (1971)  

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Griggs case 

Albemarle Paper v. Moody 422 U.S. 405 (1975) 

 

 

9/15--- EMPLOYMENT TESTING (cont.)

Connecticut v. Teal 457 U.S. 440 (1982) 

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Teal case 

  Adverse Impact slides

Thompson, D. E., & Thompson, T. A. (1982). Court standards for job analysis in test validation. Personnel Psychology, 35, 865-874.   Slides - Summary

 



9/17 --- KEY CASES PRIOR TO THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1991

Text - Chapter # 2

Watson v. Fort Worth Bank and Trust 486 U.S. 977 (1988)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Watson case 

Watson Review in TIP

  [Heather Bailey & Catherine Bogese presentation]

[Performance Appraisal, Burden Of Proof]  || Slides - Watson summary

Text - Chapter # 2

Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Antonio 490 U.S. 642 (1989)

[Statistical Comparisons, Burden Of Proof]

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Wards Cove case 

Wards Cove Review in TIP

Slides - Wards Cove summary

 

9/22 --- KEY CASES PRIOR TO THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 (cont.)

Text - Chapter # 2

Martin v. Wilks, 490 U.S. 755 (1989)

[Consent Degree Judgments]  

 Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Martin v. Wilkes case

Document related to the Wilkes decision:

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (.pdf version)

Federal Rules of Civil Procedures (html version)

 

Lorance v. AT&T Technologies Inc., 490 U.S. 900 (1989)

[Seniority System Challenges]

 Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Lorance case

Optional readings related to the Lorance case (involving continuing violation claims):

>>> Delaware State College v. Ricks (1980)

>>> United Air Lines v. Evans (1977)

Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins, 490 U.S. 228 (1989)

["Mixed Motive Cases]
 
  [Tramaine Breaux & Maren Dollwet presentation]

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Price Waterhouse case

 



9/24 --- CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 

 

"Key" CRA 1991 Questions  ||   Civil Rights Act of 1991 ~

 Slides Summary of Key Issues

Disparate Impact and CRA-91 article  ||  CRA-91 Analysis (BNA)

 

SIOP position on the definition of "business necessity" (letter to Senator Hawkins)

Mixed-motive case ---

Desert Palace, Inc. DBA Caesars Palace Hotel & Casino v. Costa (2003)

[Jay Fern presentation]

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Costa case


 
TIP   Gutman --- Ground Rules for Adverse Impact


9/29 ---Test #1 Review and test given out

Ricci v. DeStefano 557 U.S. (2009) || Dissenting opinion in Ricci


10/1 --- SEX DISCRIMINATION -- Family/Pregnancy Leave

Text -- Chapter # 3

Family and Medical Leave Act (Public Law 103-3)

California Federal Savings and Loan Association v. Guerra 479 U.S. 272 (1987)

EEOC Fact Sheet--Pregnancy Discrimination

Slides - PDA & FMLA Summary


10/6 --- SEX DISCRIMINATION (cont.) -- Sexual Harassment

Text -- Chapter # 3  

EEOC Sexual Harassment Guidelines

Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson 477 U. S. 57 (1986)

  [Chritopher Gregory & Heather Halbert presentation]

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Vinson case

Harris v. Forklift Systems (92-1168)

Click here to listen to the oral opinion in the Harris case

[Group 2 presentation]

Enforcement Guidance on Harris v. Forklift Sys., Inc.

Slides - Sexual Harassment Summary (EEOC, Vinson, Harris)


10/8 --- SEX DISCRIMINATION (cont.) -- Sexual Harassment

Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Incorporated, et al. (96-568)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Oncale case

  TIP  Gutman--- Unresolved Issues in Same-Sex Harassment

Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School Dist. (96-1866)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Gebser case

Faragher v. City of Boca Raton (97-282)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Faragher case

[Jasmine James & Michael Kaloydis presentation;both Gebster and Faragher]

 

Enforcement Guidance: Vicarious Employer Liability for Unlawful Harassment by Supervisors
Fact Sheet--Sexual Harassment


10/13 --- SEX DISCRIMINATION (cont.) -- Wages

Gutman -- Chapter # 5 

Equal Pay Act (Public Law 88-38) || Q&A Compliance Manual on Compensation

                                                                                       Discrimination

Corning Glass Works v. Brennan, 417, U.S. 188 (1974)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Corning case

[Piers  Manton & Marcia Massey presentation]

(Comparable Worth)--County of Washington v. Gunther, 452 U.S. 161 (1981)

Title IX
 

Ledbetter v. Goodyear Rubber Co. 550 U.S. (2007)

  Lilly Ledbetter Testimony Before Congress

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 (H.R. 11)

President Obama speaks about signing the Ledbetter Act into law



10/15 --- AGE DISCRIMINATION  ---

Text -- Chapter # 6

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (Public Law 90-202)

Slides - Age Discrimination Summary

Faley, R. J., Kleiman, L. S., & Lengnick-Hall, M. L. (1984). Age discrimination in

personnel psychology: A review and synthesis of the legal literature with implications

for future research. Personnel Psychology, 37, 327-350.



10/20 --- AGE DISCRIMINATION (cont.)

 

Western Air Lines, Inc. v. Criswell, 472 U.S. 400 (1985)

[Liza Navarro & Kristin Palazzo presentation]

 

O'Conner v. Consolidated Coin Caterers Corp.(95-354)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the O'Conner case

  Enforcement Guideance on O'Conner v. Consolidated Coin Caterers

 

Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Products, Inc.

Click here to listen to the oral opinion in the Reeves case

 

10/22 --- AGE DISCRIMINATION (cont.)

Smith v. City of Jackson (2005)  [Disparate impact claim under the ADEA]

On The Legal Front (Gutman, July 2005 TIP) Smith v. City of Jackson --- Adverse Impact in the

ADEA --- Well Sort Of

[Jamie Partyka & Robert Randolph presentation]

Meacham v. KAPL

Gross v. FBL Financial Services

Fact Sheet--Age Discrimination

TIP Gutman --- On the Legal Front: The Kimel Ruling



10/27 --- DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION ---

Text -- Chapter # 8

 

Rehabilitation Act of 1973:

Section 501 & 505 | Section 503| Section 504

Americans With Disabilities Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-336)

 Slides ADA Summary

 

  Information on ---

  Department of Justice ADA Homepage

 

10/29 --- DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION (cont.)

 

PGA Tour v. Martin 532 U.S. 661 (2001)

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Martin case

 

Bragdon v. Abbott 524 U.S. 624 (1998)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Bragdon v. Abbott case

 

Sutton v. United Air Lines, Inc. (97-1943)  

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Sutton case

Summary of decision and dissenting opinions in Sutton

Murphy v. United Parcel Service, Inc. 527 U.S. 516 (1999)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Murphy case

Albertsons, Inc. v. Kirkingburg (98-591)

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Kirkingburg case

[Chela White & Cole Yuknis presentation; Sutton, Murphy, and Kirkingburg cases]

 

 

11/3 --- DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION (cont.)

U.S. Airways v. Barnett

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Barnett case

TIP  Gutman --- On the Legal Front:  The Supreme Court Ruling in US Airways v. Barnett

        Gutman --- On the Legal Front: Two January 2002 Supreme Court Rulings:

         Toyota v. Williams & EEOC v. Waffle House

ADA Amendments Act of 2008

TIP ADAAA Summary Article (Dunleavy & Gutman, 2009)


 

11/5 --- AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

Gutman -- Chapter # 7

 Executive Order #11246 as amended

Slides - Affirmative Action Overview

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265 (1978)

Click here to listen to the oral arguments and/or decision in the Bakke case

[Allison-Selman-Lovell & Laura Shaver presentation]

United Steelworkers of America, AFL-CIO-CLC v. Weber 443 U.S. 193 (1979)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Weber case

 

Johnson v. Transportation Agency, 480 U.S. 616 (1987)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Johnson case

 

11/10 --- AFFIRMATIVE ACTION (cont.)

 

Gratz V. Bollinger 539 U.S. 244 (2003)  HTML version  ||  Pdf version 

Click here to listen to the oral arguments and/or decision in the Gratz v. Bollinger case

 

Grutter V. Bollinger 539 U.S. (02-241) 288 F.3d 732 (2003) HTML version  ||  Pdf version 

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Grutter v. Bollinger case

 

TIP  Gutman --- On the Legal Front: Affirmative Action: WhatŐs Going On?

       Gutman --- On the Legal Front: The AdministrationŐs Position on Gratz and

       Grutter: Too Many Inconsistencies

Uniform Guidelines regarding Affirmative Action

DOL Fact Sheet on Affirmative Action

Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA) of 1974, as amended, 38 U.S.C. 4212 

EEOC VEVRAA Fact Sheet


 

11/12 --- AFFIRMATIVE ACTION (cont.)


 



11/17 ---  DRUG TESTING

 

Slides - Summary of Key Drug Testing Issues

Treasury Employees v. Von Raab, 489 U.S. 656 (1989)

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Von Raab case

 

Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives' Assn., 489 U.S. 602 (1989)

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Skinner case

 

11/19 --- HEIGHT AND WEIGHT REQUIREMENTS

Dothard v. Rawlinson, 433 U.S. 321 (1977

[Sarah Siomski & Mickey Smith presentation]

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Dothard case

and APPLICATION BLANK QUESTIONS

Slides - Application Blank Inquiries (Summary)

EEOC Statement on Preemployment Inquires

 

11/24 --- LIE DETECTION AND HONESTY TESTING

 

Employee Polygraph Protection Act

Slides EPPA Summary

Sackett, P. R., Burris, L. R., & Callahan, C. (1989). Integrity testing for personnel selection:

An update. Personnel Psychology, 42, 491-529.

 

11/26 --- NO CLASS (Thankgiving Holiday) 

 


 

12/1 --- HEALTH AND SAFETY

Test No. 2 given out

Occupational Health and Safety Act (1990), divided into section links

Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (1991)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls case

Slides - OSHA Summary

OSHA Forms Site

 

Genetic Testing

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act  - 2008 (Section 202, Employer Practices)

 

                    


Course requirements and grading criteria:

*** Please note that makeup tests will not be given.