University of West Florida
 Faculty Homepage for John Worth

                            Spanish Florida

Selected Archaeology, Anthropology, and History Links

The links below were selected with my students in mind (undergraduate and graduate), and thus other than the more general links at the top, they tend to focus on the European colonial era in and around Spanish Florida during the First Spanish Period (1513-1763).  This is a work in progress, and I welcome suggestions for new links, or corrections for broken links.

General UWF Student Links / Writing / Journals / Archives / Archaeology / Organizations / Miscellaneous

Note: All links below open a new browser window (except internal page links).

General UWF Student Links

UWF Libraries

UWF Libraries Main Page

UWF OneSearch

UWF Library Catalog: Advanced Search Page (see also State University Libraries of Florida combined catalog, and LINCCWeb)

Course Reserve Desk

e-Journal database search

ProQuest - UWF Access

UWF Anthropology Advisement and Registration

Full UWF course listings and descriptions / UWF Current Course Offering Search

Current UWF Undergraduate Catalog / Current UWF Graduate Catalog

UWF Academic Calendar / UWF Thesis and Dissertation Information

UWF Department of Anthropology / Faculty & Staff / Field Schools

Anthropology BA Requirements / Anthropology undergraduate courses (ANT)

Anthropology MA Requirements / Anthropology graduate courses (ANG)

UWF Department of History

History courses (undergraduate and graduate) - HIS / AMH / LAH / EUH

UWF Maritime Studies Program

University of West Florida (general)

Campus Map

UWF College of Arts & Sciences

UWF Graduate School

UWF Grading System

UWF Holidays

Academic Misconduct Code

Students of Concern: Incident Report Form

UWF Writing Lab

UWF Student Learning Center

UWF Financial Aid Office

UWF Advising Center

UWF Bookstore

The Voyager (UWF newspaper)

Notaries on UWF Campus


Argo Pulse / Experimental Archaeology / GAA

Pensacola Weather

UWF Weather (UWF Office of Environmental Health and Safety; includes Current Conditions)

UWF Emergency News (for hurricane updates, etc.)

Pensacola Forecast (National Weather Service)

Pensacola-area Radar (National Weather Service)

National Hurricane Center (National Weather Service)

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Style Guides

 In addition to the links below, I have developed a Quick Anthropological Style Guide Comparison page with templates and a few comparative examples highlighting the major differences between AAA, SAA, and SHA citation and bibliography formats.

AAA (American Anthropological Association) Style Guide / PDF

SAA (Society for American Archaeology) Style Guide / PDF

SHA (Society for Historical Archaeology) Style Guide / PDF

Turabian Citation Guide (quick-guide to both the notes-and-bibliography and author-date formats; see also Turabian Format, the UWF Library quick-guide to notes-and-bibliography format)

Chicago Manual of Style (quick-guide to both the notes-and-bibliography and author-date formats).

Citing Primary Sources (brief Library of Congress page with examples of how to cite various types of primary sources using Chicago Manual and MLA style guides)

Citation Style Guides (links from the University of Georgia libraries)

Dictionaries, Grammar, etc.


Oxford English Dictionary / UWF Off-Campus OED (English-English; by institutional subscription) / (English-English; free)

Online Etymology Dictionary (English-English; free)

English Grammar: Alphabetical Index (links to explanations of the proper grammatical usage of commonly-mistaken terms, and more general grammar topics)


Real Academia Espanola (modern Spanish-Spanish; use top search box on the right) (Spanish-English/English-Spanish)

Babylon (Spanish-English/English-Spanish, and many others)

Colonial-Era Spanish Language Resources (my own web page with an assortment of links to historical Spanish-Spanish and Spanish-English dictionaries and grammatical texts dating between 1726 and 1848, including the Nuevo Tesoro Lexografico de la Lengua Espanola with the original Diccionario de Autoridades published from 1726-1739).


Dictionnaire de l’Académie française (modern French-French; 9th edition, 1992-present)

Online French-English/English-French Dictionary (free)

Let Trésor de la Langue Française (French-French; free)

Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (both volumes of this 1765 French dictionary, fully searchable)


A Latin Dictionary, by Lewis and Short (detailed online version of dictionary from 1879)

Words (free online version of program with Latin-English and English-Latin translation capability)

Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid (another free online dictionary)


Forvo (audio database of pronunciations of words in languages worldwide, by native speakers)

General Resources

Scholarly Abbreviations (definitions for Latin abbreviations used in scholarly writing)

Ultimate Cool Characters (comprehensive list of codes for inserting foreign language symbols in documents, or see below)

Alt Codes for Diacriticals (copy and paste directly from my table below, or use the .jpg image below to print a handy reference sheet)




alt + 160


alt + 133


alt + 130


alt + 131


alt + 161


alt + 145


alt + 162


alt + 138


alt + 163


alt + 130


alt + 129


alt + 136


alt + 135


alt + 137


alt + 128


alt + 140


alt + 164


alt + 139


alt + 165


alt + 147

 Printable Image of Table

Spanish Character Codes


alt + 151


alt + 150


alt + 129


alt + 135


alt + 339

Acronym (searchable index of the many potential meanings for acronyms used in a variety of contexts)

Grammar (comic-based and very useful tips on grammar by The Oatmeal, including a guide to using the semicolon)

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Online Journals

Multi-journal Online Repositories

JSTOR / JSTOR Advanced Search / UWF Off-Campus JSTOR Login (includes the following through subscribed institutions)

American Antiquity

Historical Archaeology (see also Society for Historical Archaeology publications explorer for most recent issues)

Southeastern Archaeology


American Anthropologist

Current Anthropology

American Historical Review

William and Mary Quarterly

Journal of Southern History

The Americas (1944-2008)

SpringerLink (includes the following through subscribed institutions)

International Journal of Historical Archaeology

Journal of Archaeological Research

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory

Journal of Maritime Archaeology

Science Direct (includes the following through subscribed institutions)

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

Journal of Archaeological Science

Journal of Historical Geography

Wiley Online Library (includes the following through subscribed institutions)

Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association

International Journal of Nautical Archaeology

Project MUSE (includes the following through subscribed institutions)

American Indian Quarterly

The Americas (2001-present; see also The Americas home at Drexel University)

Native South

Individual Journals (online archives or indices)

The Florida Anthropologist / Advanced Search

Florida Historical Quarterly (main page with search and browse features)

Florida Bureau of Historic Sites and Properties Bulletins (pdf downloads of all 6 volumes)

Southeastern Archaeological Conference (SEAC)

SEAC Newsletter (all back issues from 1939 through 2008)

SEAC Bulletin & Special Publications (most back issues, starting 1964)

Southeastern Archaeology (tables of contents ONLY; see full back issues at JSTOR)

Historical Archaeology (all back issues through 2007, and more recent issues with membership; see back issues also at JSTOR)

Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association (1989-2008)

Current Anthropology (current issues)

Tequesta (main page with search and browse features)

Southern Indian Studies / North Carolina Archaeology (1949-1997 / 1997-1998)

Journal Search Engines

FreeFullPDF (useful search engine for free scientific journal content)

Portal de Revistas Cientificas Complutenses (online Spanish journals of science and humanities, fully searchable; based in Madrid)

Florida Theses and Dissertations Online

UF / FSU / UNF / FIU / USF / FAU / UCF / ProQuest-UWF

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Archives and Libraries

Please note that I have developed detailed instructions for first-time users of several of the most important Spanish archival websites (with indices of primary sources and online document imagery), which can be found on my Primer on Using Online Colonial Spanish Documentary Sources. I will continue to add to this site as new online archival sites become available.

Spanish Colonial Archival Repositories

Portal de Archivos Espanoles (inventory and Search Engine, including extensive digitalized document imagery from the Archivo General de Indias and many other Spanish archives; see the appropriate section of my Primer on Using Online Colonial Spanish Documentary Sources for detailed instructions on how to utilize this important website)

Bancroft Library Guide to the Archivo General de Indias (well-organized finding aid to AGI materials in the Bancroft collections, with brief text descriptions of each document in their holdings)

Biblioteca Nacional (searchable database of holdings in the Spanish national library in Madrid, including manuscripts, maps, and historical books, some digitized; see search engine and also the PDF Inventario General de Manuscritos)

Biblioteca Digital Hispánica (searchable image database from the Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid, with several Florida maps)

Red de Bibliotecas de Defensa (searchable database of holdings by the Spanish Ministry of Defense, including many maps and other documents relating to Spanish Florida; make sure use the advanced search page, and set the number of results to 100 to get all results)

Archivo General Militar de Madrid (descriptive listing of documentation available at what is also commonly cited as the Servicio Historico Militar; includes extensive colonial map collections; no online images are available)

Archivo General de la Cámara de Sevilla (descriptive listing of documentation available at the little-used archive relating to shipping and maritime trade during the colonial era, including the Consulado de Cargadores a Indias and the Consulado Marítimo y Terrestre)

Institucion Colombina (web page, including searchable catalog, for the various libraries and archives associated with the Archbishopric of Seville, and the Cathedral of Seville; includes the surviving original library of Christopher Columbus and his son Fernando)

Fondo Antiguo (searchable page containing digitized rare books in the collection of the Universidad de Sevilla)

Fototeca: Sección Planimetría (digital images of early 20th-century photographs of architectural plans from the Archivo General de Indias; maintained by the Laboratory of Art of the University of Seville in their Fototeca, which includes a wide range of other imagery including some other handwritten colonial documents).

Archivo General de la Nacion (main page of the Mexico City archive, which includes a fully searchable Guide to holdings; see the appropriate section of my Primer on Using Online Colonial Spanish Documentary Sources for detailed instructions on how to utilize this important website).

Archivo Franciscano (searchable index of digitized portions of the Fondo Franciscano in Mexico City's Biblioteca Nacional, amounting presently to about a fifth of the total collection)

Archivos Notariales de la Universidad Veracruzana (detailed and well-organized index of the 16th-19th-century notarial archives of three major colonial cities of Xalapa, Orizaba and Córdoba in the State of Veracruz in Mexico, including complete indices by types of notarial instrument, geographic names, and personal names, and many digital images of original documents online)

Documentary Relations of the Southwest (searchable database of archival sources; includes some Florida references)

Archivo Nacional de la Republica de Cuba (main page of the Havana archive, with only general text inventories of holdings; often extremely slow or incomplete in loading)

Archivo General de Centro América (main page of the archive in Guatemala, with only general information on holdings)

Ecclesiastical Sources for Slave Societies, Vanderbilt Univ. (extensive digital imagery of original ecclesiastical documents in Cuba)

Spanish Colonial Records on Microfilm at the University of Florida (an excellent inventory of the best collection of Spanish Florida primary sources this side of the Atlantic; includes searchable calendar of holdings for the East Florida Papers and Papeles de Cuba; hosted by the P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History)

Special Collections Department, John C. Pace Library, UWF (main page, which includes a Guide to holdings)

St. Augustine Historical Society Research Library (main page, including a searchable catalog of library holdings, including many microfilms of original Spanish records)

St. Augustine Foundation Center for Historic Research (main page of the archive, which holds 950 reels of microfilm; no online index or imagery)

Mark F. Boyd Collection (finding aid to the research collections of Mark Boyd, housed at the University of Miami Libraries Special Collections department in Coral Gables)

Hispanic Division, Library of Congress (an excellent and comprehensive inventory of microform and other holdings of documentary records from a wide range of Spanish archives)

Diocese of Louisiana and the Floridas (digitized records of predominantly Second Spanish Florida between 1786-1803, but including a few others as early as 1576; maintained by the University of Notre Dame Archives)

French Colonial Archival Repositories

Gallica (extensive searchable database of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, including Manuscripts, Maps, and Books)

France in America (Library of Congress website with extensive online primary source material)

La France en Amérique (Bibliothèque Nationale de France website with extensive online primary source material)

New France,  New Horizons (digital online archive of French colonial sources developed by the Direction des Archives de France, Library and Archives Canada, and the Canadian Embassy in Paris)

Louisiana Digital Library (extensive selected imagery of manuscript documents)

Records of the French Superior Council (1714-1769)

Early Louisiana French Correspondence

French Colonial, Spanish Colonial, and Nineteenth-Century Louisiana Documents

Louisiana State Museum Historical Map Collection

Archival Materials (extensive and well-organized collection of digital imagery and bibliographic source references for French colonial Louisiana, maintained by Vin Steponaitis at UNC-Chapel Hill; includes pages below:)

Early Maps of the American South

Colonial Louisiana: Historical Narratives

Colonial Natchez: Early French Documents (centralized initiative to preserve access to Canadian documentary heritage, including many subsites below:)

Héritage (searchable online collection of primary documentary images from microfilm)

Early Canadiana Online (searchable imagery of print documents online)

Canadiana Discovery Portal (searchable portal to a range of online Canadian archival collections)

Archives de France (central portal for many French archives)

Archives (another portal maintained by the French Ministry of Culture)

Archives Nationales (French national archives)

Archives nationales d'outre mer (French overseas archives)

Les Archives diplomatiques du ministère des Affaires étrangères (French diplomatic archives)

Service historique de la défense (French military archives)

Other Colonial Archival Repositories

The National Archives (UK): Electronic Records Online (searchable digital imagery from the British National Archives; see the Catalogue of the Colonial Office for more detail on colonial records)

The British Library: Archives and Manuscripts (searchable catalog of holdings, including Digitised Manuscripts)

The Atlantic World and the Dutch: North America (web site on sources for Dutch colonialism; see also the National Archives of the Netherlands)

Internet Archive Text Archive (searchable digital imagery of historic books located in a variety of different collections, including Project Gutenberg, which contains text-only OCR scans of a wide range of historical books).

World Digital Library (great centralized source for a diverse range of digital imagery, including scans of many colonial-era books and maps)

Munich Digitization Center (searchable digital imagery of historic books and maps from the Bavarian State Library)

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Historical Maps and Land Records

Florida General Land Office Records (digital imagery of early Florida land plats and field notes, searchable by Township and Range)

Spanish Land Grants in Florida (digitized records relative to early land grants in Florida, from the State Archives of Florida)

Florida Map Collections (large database of map images from the Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida)

Aerial Photography: Florida (online digital imagery of historic USDA aerial photos dating as early as the 1930s; hosted by UF's Smathers Libraries; also see map search)

UF Map & Imagery Library (online imagery of maps and aerial and satellite photos; hosted by the Smathers Libraries)

Historic Maps of Florida (high-resolution digital images of many historical maps from Florida and elsewhere; part of the David Rumsey Map Collection, soon to be housed at Stanford University)

Old Florida Maps (a nice selection of historic Florida map images, grouped chronologically; hosted by the University of Miami Libraries)

Exploring Florida Maps (a categorized selection of Florida maps and map sections from a website for social studies teachers)

USGS Historical Topographic Map Collection (scanned images of historical topographic maps from various states, though still missing Florida as of December 2011; includes a search engine and a map interface)

Office of Coast Survey, Historical Map & Chart Project (searchable NOAA database with digital images of OCS coastal charts from the 18th-20th centuries; modern charts available here)

Hargrett Library Rare Map Collection, Univ. of Georgia (extensive online imagery)

Library of Congress Map Collections (extensive online imagery, hosted at the American Memory site)

North Carolina Maps (an excellent and large collection of high-resolution historical maps of the Carolinas and surrounding regions, including some that show Spanish Florida)

Archival Materials (an excellent and extensive collection of digitized maps and texts from the colonial Southeast, maintained by Vin Steponaitis at UNC Chapel Hill; contains Early Maps of the American South, including the complete Crown Collection of Photographs of American Maps)

Selections from the d'Anville Collection, Bibliothèque Nationale (good selection of online French colonial map imagery, linked from the Library of Congress, Global Gateway)

Inventory of the Louis Charles Karpinski Collection (a detailed inventory of an extensive colonial map collection dating from 1500-1799; the original map copies from diverse archives are located in the Huntington Library, San Marino, California)

Harvard Map Collection: Digital Maps (searchable imagery of maps, including many direct links to the Rumsey Collection, but also other historical map images in the Harvard collection)

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Present-Day Mapping Resources

LABINS (Land Boundary Information System for the state of Florida; includes digital USGS topographic maps for the entire state; also see map interface)

National Geodetic Survey Datasheet Page (search engines leading to detailed elevation information for tidal and terrestrial benchmarks, searchable by latitude/longitude, USGS quad sheet, PID number, and by map interface)

Web Soil Survey (USDA website allowing users to construct their own customizable soil survey map/report for virtually any locale in the United States)

Office of Coast Survey (NOAA site with access to modern coastal charts)

Geo.Data.Gov (centralized website with direct access to extensive US government spatial datasets, including GIS)

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Spanish Paleography Tool (excellent new online instructional site maintained by the Dominican Studies Institute at CUNY; examples mostly 16th to early 17th century)

Manual de paleografía diplomatica española de los siglos XII al XVII (online or full PDF version of 1917 published volume on Spanish paleography)

Anales de la Paleografía Española (online or full PDF version of 1857 published volume on Spanish paleography)

Compendio de Paleografía Española (online images of all pages of 1857 published volume on Spanish paleography)

Paleografía Castellana (partial preview of 2002 reprint of 1862 book on Spanish paleography)

Techniques pour l'Historien en Ligne : Études, Manuels, Exercices (French paleography; includes a Dossier with extensive imagery of late Medieval French documents)

Cours de paléographie - Archive du cours d'Arisitum (online French paleography course with extensive imagery)

Manuscript Studies: Medieval and Early Modern (great comprehensive page with lots of good information about paleography in general)

Online Palaeography Tutorial (English paleography; by the National Archives in the UK)

English Handwriting, 1500-1700: An Online Course (English paleography; includes Links)

Early Modern Paleography (online course regarding English paleography)

Scottish Handwriting (online tutorial and resources regarding Scottish paleography)

Script Tutorials: Resources for Old Handwriting & Documents (great site in progress covering paleography in multiple languages)

Deciphering Old Handwriting (brief page designed for genealogy enthusiasts)

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Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842 (a wonderful online collection of digitized document images from various archives, searchable or browsable by date, type, collection, or institution)

Google Books (a massive and growing searchable digital repository of scanned historical books, including many of importance for understanding the Spanish colonial world; see the appropriate section of my Primer on Using Online Colonial Spanish Documentary Sources for detailed instructions on how to utilize this important website).

American Memory (the searchable Library of Congress website with a range of historical resources)

Archivos Digitales (a great listing of online digital archival collections in many languages; hosted by the Spanish-language site

Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes (a useful search engine with reference information, online transcriptions, and digital imagery of many historical publications)

500 Años de México en Documentos (a wide assortment of transcriptions of original documents from every decade throughout Mexican history)

CubaGenWeb (a useful site containing scanned PDF files of the Cuban genealogy magazine Revista, as well as a good overview of and links to historical sources for Cuban genealogy and history)

Early Americas Digital Archive: Web Gateway (an excellent selection of online texts from a variety of different sources)

American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement (a collection of online translations and transcriptions, sponsored by the Wisconsin Historical Society; includes some Florida sources, many from older translations)

University of Florida Digital Collections (links to a variety of online digital archival material)

Florida History Online (an assortment of online resources about Florida history, including several extensive sets of documentary transcriptions and translations, focusing principally on Florida's British Period and later)

PALMM (main page of the "Publication of Archival Library and Museum Materials" site for Florida libraries, including a wide variety of sources from historical texts and maps to mid-20th-century aerial photo series)

Smithsonian Collections Search Center (search engine for a wide range of texts and images on file at various Smithsonian repositories, including DeSoto Expedition Commission materials, etc.)

Papers of the War Department, 1784-1800 (searchable online collection of a wide range of early American manuscript documents, including Indian Affairs documents relating to Second Spanish Florida) (extensive digital collection of historical and modern maps, documents, and other historical resources from around the world, including many relating to Spanish colonial efforts in North America)

The History Cooperative (extensive nonprofit resource center with a range of journals and other materials of interest)

West Florida Genealogy Library (great genealogy and local history collection owned by the West Florida Genealogical Society and housed at the West Florida Public Library)

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Historical Archaeology of Colonial Spanish Florida

Tristán de Luna Expedition

The Emanuel Point Ship: Archaeological Investigations 1992-1995 (extensive website detailing excavations at the Emanuel Point I wreck during the 1990s, including a virtual tour of the wreck)

Emanuel Point I Shipwreck (UWF website with additional information regarding excavations at EPI)

Emanuel Point II Shipwreck (website detailing ongoing and recent excavations at the site of the second wreck discovered from Luna's fleet, maintained by UWF)

University of West Florida Maritime Field School Blogs: 2010 - 2009 - 2008 (project blogs focusing largely on the EPII wreck)

St. Augustine

Historical Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History (website with extensive resources regarding archaeology at St. Augustine and its environs, including downloadable site reports on the Menéndez-era occupation at the Fountain of Youth site)

City of St. Augustine Archaeology Program (website focusing on cultural resource management archaeology in the city)

Santa Elena

Santa Elena Project (website maintained at the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology; includes overview articles regarding Santa Elena archaeology, as well as detail about French Charlesfort at the same location)

Fort San Juan / Juan Pardo Expeditions

The Berry Site (website maintained at Warren Wilson College; includes extensive imagery and online publications)

Spanish Missions in Florida

Mission San Luis (website with extensive overviews of the history and archaeology of the mission; includes an excellent database of images of artifacts from the site)

Santa Isabel de Utinahica Project (website with information on Spanish colonial archaeology in the interior Georgia coastal plain, sponsored by Fernbank Museum of Natural History)

Indian Pond Archaeological Project (website focusing on excavations at a 17th-century Spanish mission in the Timucua province of north Florida; maintained at the Florida Museum of Natural History)

Mission San Joseph de Escambe (my own website focusing on the UWF project at this 18th-century mission since 2009; see also our project blog)


Pensacola Colonial Historical Archaeology (UWF website with links to various pages detailing archaeological projects relating to the First Spanish Period, including Santa María de Galve (1698-1719), Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa (1722-1756), and the downtown Pensacola Commanding Officer's Compound).

Pensacola Colonial Frontiers Project (my own website describing the UWF project to locate First Spanish Period sites outside the Pensacola presidios; see also our project blog)

Underwater Archaeology

Maritime Research at the University of West Florida (website including links to pages about research on a variety of underwater projects in the Pensacola vicinity, most of which are First Spanish period)

1733 Spanish Galleon Trail (website detailing the underwater wrecks of the 1733 Spanish plate fleet, all of which may be visited by the public)

Florida's "Museums in the Sea" (website with virtual tours of many of Florida's Underwater Archaeological Preserves, including several Spanish colonial sites)

Lighthouse Archaeological Maritime Program (website with extensive information about underwater archaeology based in St. Augustine, although focusing primarily on periods after the Spanish colonial era)

General Colonial Archaeology Resources

Digital Type Collections-Historic Period Archaeological Ceramics (remarkably extensive and well-organized digital type collection with extensive imagery; maintained at the Florida Museum of Natural History)

Ceramic Technology Laboratory, Florida Museum of Natural History (great site including digital imagery of both prehistoric and historic/Spanish-era Native American ceramics found in Florida)

Spanish Colonial Artifact Gallery (well-organized and extensive set of images maintained at the Florida Museum of Natural History)

Georgia Indian Pottery Types (great resource, including Spanish-era ceramic types; maintained by Mark Williams at the University of Georgia)

Native American Pottery in South Carolina (a similar site maintained by the Diachronic Research Foundation, Beaufort County Government, South Carolina Department of Archives and History)

Bullen Projectile Point Type Collection (generally prehistoric, but an excellent online library of images of stone projectile points from Florida)

Florida Historical Contexts (overviews of Florida prehistoric archaeological contests originally written in 1990, but nonetheless still useful; hosted by the Florida Department of Historical Resources)

National Archaeological Database (searchable bibliography of the vast "gray-literature" of archaeological reports; hosted by the University of Arkansas in concert with the National Park Service)

Next Exit History (mobile application with videos and other information regarding public sites relating to the history and archaeology of Florida; based at UWF in Pensacola)

Spanish Colonial Artifacts (image gallery of Spanish colonial-era artifacts at the American Southwest Virtual Museum)

Spanish-Colonial Artifacts (image gallery of late 18th-century Spanish colonial artifacts relating to the 1795 Zúñiga expedition in an online exhibition by the Arizona State Museum)

Mount Vernon Midden - Object Database (searchable image database with extensive and diverse collection of 18th-century English colonial and early American material culture)

Jamestown Rediscovery - 17th Century Ceramics (database with information on 17th-century colonial ceramics from diverse origins; maintained by the Jamestown Ceramics Research Group)

Material Culture of Plymouth Colony (selection of images and descriptions of 17th-century artifacts associated with the Plymouth colony)

Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery (remarkable searchable database of artifacts from colonial-era slave sites in the Atlantic seaboard and Caribbean)

Colonial Michilimackinac Archaeological Collection (selection of colonial-era artifact imagery dating from the 18th and 19th centuries)

The Coins of Colonial and Early America (extensive resource pages hosted at the University of Notre Dame)

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Organizations / Institutions

Pensacola Area

UWF Anthropology Department (Building 13, UWF Campus)

UWF Archaeology Institute (Building 89, UWF Campus)

West Florida Historic Preservation, Inc. (for students, here are driving directions from the University of West Florida campus to the Bowdon Building, from Google Maps)

Pensacola Archaeological Society (for students, here are driving directions from the University of West Florida campus to the new 2013 locations for meetings at the West Florida Public Library Main Branch, from Google Maps)

Northwest Region, Florida Public Archaeology Network (for students, here are driving directions from the University of West Florida campus to the Pensacola FPAN, from Google Maps)


Florida Anthropological Society

Florida Public Archaeology Network

Florida Archaeological Council

Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research / Staff Contact List

Florida Historical Society

Florida State Archives

Florida Humanities Council

Florida Museum of Natural History


Center for Archaeological Studies, University of South Alabama

Alabama Archaeological Society

Alabama Historical Commission

Alabama Department of Archives and History


Society for Georgia Archaeology

Georgia Council of Professional Archaeologists

Georgia Archaeological Site Files

Georgia Historic Preservation Division

LAMAR Institute

Regional / National

Southeast Archaeological Center

Southeastern Archaeological Conference

Society for Historical Archaeology

Society for American Archaeology

Register of Professional Archaeologists

Archaeological Conservancy

American Society for Ethnohistory

American Anthropological Association

University Presses

University of Alabama Press

University Press of Florida

University of Georgia Press

Louisiana State University Press

University Press  of Mississippi

University of Nebraska Press

University of North Carolina Press

University of Tennessee Press

University of Texas Press

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Miscellaneous Links

Internal Pages

Colonial-Era Spanish Language Resources (my own web page with an assortment of links to historical Spanish-Spanish and Spanish-English dictionaries and grammatical texts dating between 1726 and 1848)

Colonial Spanish Catholic Liturgical Calendar (my own web page with extracted transcriptions and original imagery from Roman Breviaries dating to between 1542 and 1738)

Primer on Using Online Colonial Spanish Archival Sites (my own web page with detailed instructions for using the PARES Search Engine for the Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain, and the Online Guide to the Archivo Histórico Nacional in Mexico City)

External Pages

17th and 18th Century Paleographic (and other) Resources Online (great collection of useful links; hosted by Yale University)

Early Modern Resources (diverse site focusing on the period from 1500-1800)

Cyclopaedia (searchable digital scan of the original 1728 Cyclopaedia: An Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences by Ephraim Chambers; hosted by the University of Wisconsin)

Ecclesiastical Calendar Calulator (reliable site to calculate historical dates for Easter, as well as a table showing the related dates for other important Catholic feast days, which were commonly used instead of numerical dates in historical texts from the Spanish colonial era)

Calendar Calculator (an easy-to-use date calculator that shows the day of the week for any date in history, including Gregorian (post-1582) and Julian calendars, as well as several other more exotic calendar systems) (comprehensive and easily-navigated site with information on Roman Catholic saints, whose feast days were commonly used instead of numerical dates in historical texts from the Spanish colonial era)

La legislación colonial española de Indias (good site in Spanish with historical details regarding legislation in the New World, including the full facsimile text of the Recopilacion de Leyes de los Reynos de las Indias de 1680)

Chronological Listing of Tropical Cyclones affecting North Florida and Coastal Georgia 1565-1899 (great site with information regarding hurricanes and tropical storms during the Spanish period and later) (good source for modern unit conversions, including a few generalized "Old Spanish" measures such as Distance and Length and Area). (excellent site in English detailing many facets of life in Seville, from hotels and food to sightseeing and festivals)

Southeastern Archaeology News (very current and comprehensive news relating to Southeastern U.S. archaeology; maintained by David Allison, Atlanta)

National Archaology Database (searchable database of the vast "gray literature" of archaeology reports; maintained by the U.S. National Park Service)

Online Archaeology for Kids (great resource with many useful links; thanks go out to the California teacher and her student who recommended this to me).

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