Alphabetical Listing of Court Cases

[Pale yellow highlights indicate related content]

 

 

A

Abramson v. William Patterson College (CA3 2001) 260 F.3d 265
Ackerman v. Diamond Shamrock Corp. (CA6 1982) 670 F.2d 66
Adams v. Ameritech (2000) 231 F.3d 414
Adams v. Moore (2000) 234 F.3d 32
Adarand v. Pena (1995) 151 US 200
Adarand v. Pena (CA10 1999) 169 F.3d 1292
Adarand v. Slater (2000) 528 US 216
Adkins v. Children's Hospital of the District of Columbia (1923) 261 US 525
Aka v. Washington Hospital Center (1998) 156 F.3d 1284
Albermarle Paper Co. v. Moody (1975) 422 US 405

Albertsons v. Kirkingburg (1999) WL 407456 (No. 98-591)
Aldrich v. Randolph Central School District (1992) 963 F.2d 520
Alexander v. Chattahoochee Valley Community College (2004) 345 F.Supp. 2d
1306

Alexander v. Choate (1985) 469 US 287
Allen v. Diebold (CA6 1994) 33 F.3d 674
Allen v. Seidman (CA7 1989) 881 F.2d 375
Allison v. Corrections (CA2 1996) 94 F.3d 494
Alphin v. Sears Roebuck & Co. (1991) 940 F.2d 1497
Altman v. NYC Health (CA2 1996) 100 F.3d 1054
Amadio v. Ford Motor Co. (2001) 283 F.3d 919
American Federation etc. (AFSCME) v. Nassau County (1996) 96 F.3d 644
American Federation etc. (AFSCME) v. State of Washington (CA9 1985) 770
F.2d 1401

American Nurses Association v. State of Illinois (CA7 1986) 783 F.2d 716
American Postal Workers Union v. Potter (Postmaster General (CA9 1986) 781 F.2d 772
American Tobacco Co. v. Patterson (1982) 456 US 63
Anderson v. General Dynamics (CA9 1978) 589 F.2d 397
Anderson v. State University of New York (1999) 169 F.3d 117
Andrews v. Jones Truck Lines (D.Kan 1993) 741 F.Supp. 867
Angove v. Williams Sonoma, Inc. (2002) 70 Fed. Appx. 500
Ansonia Bd. of Education v. Philbrook (1986) 479 US 60
Arizona Governing Committee etc. v. Norris (1983) 463 US 1073
Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Corp. (1977) 429 US 252
Armstrong v. Flowers Hospital, Inc. (CA11 1994) 33 F.3d 1308
Associated General Contractors, Inc. v. Altshuler (CA1 1973) 490 F.2d 9
Association of Mexican-American Educators v. State of California (2000) 231 F.3d 572
AT&T v. Hulteen (2009) 129 S. Ct. 1962
Aucutt v. Six Flags Over Mid-American (1996) 85 F.3d 1311

Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc., (1991) 499 U.S. 187

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Johnson Controls case

 

B

Baert v. Euclid Beverage, Ltd. (CA7 1998) 149 F.3d 626
Baker v. California Land Title Co. (CA9 1974) 507 F.2d 895
Barker v. Taft Broadcasting Co. (CA6 1976) 549 F.2d 400
Barrett v. Omaha Bank (CA8 1984) 726 F.2d 424
Barth v. Gelb (DC Cir. 1993) 2 F.3d 1180
Bartlett v. Berlitz School of Languages of America, Inc. (CA9 1983) 698 F.2d 1003
Baugham v. Battered Women (CA6 2006) 211 Fed. Appx. 432
Bates v. UPS (2007) 511 F.3d 974
Baty v. Willamette Indus., Inc. (CA10 1999) 172 F.3d 1232
Bazemore v. Friday (1986) 478 US 385

Bazile v. City of Houston (SD Texas, 2012)

Click here for a summary of Bazile by Art Gutman on the OFCCP Blog Spot

Click here for more on the Bazile decision by Art Gutman on the OFCCP Blog Spot
Bd. of Governors, Univ. of North Carolina v. U.S. DOL (CA4 1990) 917 F.2d 812
Bd. of Regents v. Tomanio (1980) 446 US 478
Bd. of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (2001) 531 US 356
Bd. of Trustees of Keene State College v. Sweeney (1978) 439 US 24
Beck v. University of Wisconsin Bd. of Regents (CA7 1996) 75 F.3d 1130
Bekker v. Humana Health Plan Inc. (2000) 229 F.3d 662

Belk v. Southwestern Bell (8th Cir. 1999) 194 F.3d 946

Berke v. Ohio Dept. of Public Welfare (CA10 1980) 628 F.2d 980
Bernard v. Gulf Oil (CA5 1989) 890 F.2d 735
Berndt v. Kaiser Aluminum (CA3 1986) 789 F.2d 253
Benson v. Northwest Airlines, Inc. (CA8 1995) 62 F.3d 1108
Berry v. Stevinson Chevrolet (1996) 74 F.3d 980
Bew v. City of Chicago (2001) 252 F.3d 891
Bibby v. Coca-Cola Bottling Co. (CA3 2001) 260 F.3d 257
Blise v. Antaramian (2005) 409 F.3d 861
Borrowski v. Valley Central School District (CA2 1995) 63 F.3d 131
Boston Police v. Boston (CA1 1998) 147 F.3d 13
Boumehdi v. Plastag Holdings, LLC (CA7 2007) 489 F.3d 781
Boyd v. Ozark Airlines (CA8 1977) 568 F.2d 50
Boykin v. ATC/Vancom of Colorado L.P. (2001) 247 F.3d 1061
Bradley v. City of Lynn (2006) 433 F.Supp. 2d 157
Bradley v. Pizzaco of Nebraska Inc. (CA8 1993) 7 F.3d 795
Bradley v. Univ. of Texas (CA5 1993) 3 F.3d 922
Bragdon v. Abbot (1998) 118 524 US 824
Breiland v. Advanced Circuits (D.Minn 1997) 976 F.Supp. 858
Brener v. Diagnostic Center Hospital (CA5 1982) 671
Brennan v. City Stores, Inc. (CA5 1973) 479 F.2d 235
Brennan v. Goose Creek Consolidated Ind. School Dist. (CA5 1975) 519 F.2d 53
Brewster v. Barnes (CA4 1986) 788 F.2d 985
Bridges v. Bossier (CA5 1995) 92 F.3d 329
Bridgeport Guardians, Inc. v. City of Bridgeport (CA2 1991) 933 F.2d 1140
Brooks v. City of San Mateo (2000) 229 F.3d 917
Brown v. Board of Education (1954) 347 US 483
Brown v. Cox Medical Centers (2002) 286 F.3d 1040
Brown v. CSC Logic (1996) 82 F.3d 651
Brown v. Gaston Dyeing Machine Co. (CA5 1972) 457 F.2d 1377
Brown v. Lucky Stores (2001) 246 F.3d 1182
Bruff v. North Mississippi Health Services Inc. (CA5 2001) 244 F.3d 495
Brumley v. Pena (CA8 1995) 62 F.3d 277
Brunet v. City of Columbus (CA6 1995) 58 F.2d 251
Buhrmaster v. Overnite Transportation (1995) 61 F.3d 461
Bultmeyer v. Fort Wayne School (CA7 1996) 100 F.3d1281
Bundy v. Jackson (CA DC 1981) 641 F.2d 934
Buonanno v. AT&T Broadband, LLC (2004) 313 F.Supp. 2d 1069
Burch v. Fluor (D.Mo 1994) 65 EPD 43, 227
Burchell v. Dept. of Army (D.S.C. 1988) 679 F.Supp. 1393
Burlington Industries v. Ellerth (1998) 524 US 742

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Ellerth case

Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway Company v. White (2006) 548 US 53

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the BNSF v. White decision (April 2007)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the BNSF v. White decision and EEOC Deterrence (2006)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the BNSF v. White retaliation decision (October 2006)
Burnett v. Grattan (1984) 468 US 42
Burns v. Southern Pacific Trans. (CA9 1978) 589 F.2d 403
Burnett v. LFW Inc. (CA7 2006) 472 F.3d 471
Burwell v. Eastern Airlines (CA4 1980) 633 F.2d 371
Bush v. Orange County Corrections Department (2009) 597 F.Supp. 2d 1293
Butts v. Nichols (S.D. Ia 1974) 381 F.Supp. 573
Byrne v. Bd. of Education (CA7 1992) 979 F.3d 560

 

C


Caldwell v. The National Brewing Co. (CA5 1971) 443 F.2d 1044

California Federal Savings and Loan Association v. Guerra (1987) 479 US 272
Carey v. Mt. Desert Island Hospital (1998) 156 F.3d 31
Caridad v. Metro-North Commuter R. Co. (CA2 1999) 191 F.3d 283
Carino v. Univ. of Oklahoma Bd. of Regents (CA10 1984) 750 F.2d 815
Carmi v. Metro. St. Louis Sewer District (E.D. Mo. 1979) 471 F.Supp. 119
Carmona-Rivera v. Puerto Rico (CA1 2006) 464 F.3d 14
Carter v. Gallagher (CA8 1971) 452 F.2d 315
Carrero v. N.Y.C. Housing Authority (1989) 890 F.2d 569
Carrol v. Tallman (CA7 1979) 604 F.2d 1028
Carroll v. General Accident Insurance Co. of America (CA5 1990) 891 F.2d 1174
Cash v. Smith (2000) 214 F.3d 1301
Castaneda v. Partida (1977) 430 US 482
CBOCS West v. Humphries (2008) 553 US 442
Chalk v. U.S. District Court (CA9 1988) 840 F.2d 701
Champ v. Baltimore (D.Md 1995) 884 F.Supp. 991
Champagne v. Servistar (CA1 1998) 138 F.3d 7
Chandler v. City of Dallas (CA5 1993) 2 F.3d 1385
Chevron U.S.A. Inc. v. Echazabal (2002) 536 US 73
Chiapuzio v. BLT (D.Wyo 1993) 826 F.Supp. 1334
Chicago Firefigthers Local Union 2 v. City of Chicago (CA7 2001) 49 F.3d 649
Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) 2 US 40
City of Boerne v. Flores (1997) 521 US 507
City of Bridgeport v. Bridgeport Guardians (CA2 2008) 537 F.3d 214
City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center (1985) 473 US 432
City of Newport v. Fact Concerts (1981) 453 US 247
City of Richmond v. Croson (1989) 488 US 469
Clark County School District v. Breeden (2001) 532 U.S. 268
Cleary v. U.S. Lines, Inc. (CA3 1984) 728 F.2d 607
Clemons v. Alabama (1999) 525 US 1124
Cleveland v. Policy Management Systems Corp. (1999) 526 US 795
Coalition v. Wilson (CA9 1997) 122 F.3d 718
Coates v. Sundor Brands, Inc. (CA11 1998) 160 F.3d 688
Coleman v. Jiffy June Farms, Inc. (CA5 1972) 458 F.2d 1139
Collette v. Stein-Mart, Inc. (CA6 2005) 126 Fed. Appx. 678
Collings v. Longview (CA9 1995) 63 F.3d 828
Combs v. Plantation Patterns, Meadowcraft, Inc. (1997) 106 F.3d 1519
Conant v. City of Hibbing (2001) 271 F.3d 782
Cone Corp. v. Hillsborough County (CA11 1991) 908 F.2d 908
Connecticut v. Teal (1982) 457 US 440

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Teal case
Contractors Assoc. of Eastern Pa. v. Secretary of Labor (CA3 1971) 442 F.2d 159
Cooper-Schut v. Visteon Automotive Systems (CA7 2004) 361 F.3d 421
Coral v. King County (CA9 1991) 941 F.2d 910
Corning Glass Works v. Brennan (1974) 417 US 188
Corporation of the Presiding Bishop v. Amos (1987) 483 US 327
Cost Recovery Services v. Alltel Communications (2007) 259 Fed. Appx. 223
County of Washington et al. v. Gunther (1981) 452 US 161
Coupe v. Federal Express (CA6 1997) 121 F.3d 1022
Covington v. Southern Illinois University (CA8 1987) 816 F.2d 317
Crawford v. Metropolitan Government of Nashville (2009) 129 S. Ct. 846
Crawford v. Medina General Hospital (CA6 1996) 96 F.3d 830
Criado v. IBM (CA11 1998) 145 F.3d 437
Cross v. New York City Transit Authority (2005) 417 F.3d 241
Cummins v. Parker Seal Co. (CA6 1975) 516 F.2d 544

 

D


D'Angelo v. ConAgra Foods (2005) 422 F.3d 1220
Dark v. Curry County (2006) 451 F.3d 1078
Dallas Fire Fighters v. Dallas (CA5 1998) 150 F.3d 438
Dalton v. Subaru-Isuzu Automotive, Inc. (CA7 1998) 141 F.3d 667

Darnell v. Thermafiber, Inc. (2005) 417 F.3d 657
Daugherty v. City of El Paso (CA5 1995) 56 F.3d 695
Davis v. Dallas (CA5 1985) 777 F.2d 205

Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education (1999) 526 U.S. 629

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Davis case

De Luca v. Winer Indus., Inc. (CA7 1995) 53 F.3d 793
Dees v. Johnson Controls World Services, Inc. (CA11 1999) 168 F.3d 417

Delaware State College v. Ricks, (1980) 449 U. S. 250

Desert Palace, Inc. v. Costa (2003) 539 US 90

Click here for the oral argument in the Costa case
Despears v. City of Milwaukee (CA7 1998) 63 F.3d 635
Detroit Police Officers Association v. Young (1979) 608 F.2d 671
Dexler v. Tisch (D.Conn. 1987) 660 F.Supp. 1418
Diaz v. Pan American World Airways Inc. (CA5 1971) 442 F.2d 385
Doane v. City of Omaha (CA8 1997) 115 F.3d 624
Dodge v. Giant Food, Inc. (CA DC 1973) 488 F.2d 1333
Doe v. City of Belleville (CA7 1997) 119 F.3d 563
Doe v. Garrett (CA11 1990) 903 F.2d 1455
Domingo v. New England Fish (CA9 1984) 727 F.2d 1429
Dothard v. Rawlinson (1977) 433 US 321
Downs v. Hawkeye Health Systems (1998) 148 F.3d 948
Doyle v. Oklahoma (2001) 998 F.2d 1559
Dropinski v. Douglas County (2002) 298 F.3d 704
Drum v. Leeson Electric Corporation (2009) 565 F.3d 1071
Duckett v. Dunlop Tire Corp. (CA11 1997) 120 F.3d 1222
Duke v. University of Texas El Paso (CA5 1981) 663 F.2d 522
Dukes v. Wal-mart (2007) 474 F.34d 1214
Dutson v. Farmers (D.Or 1994) 815 F.Supp. 439

 

E


Earl v. Mervyns, Inc. (2000) 207 F.3d 1361
Earwood v. Continental Southeastern Lines (CA4 1976) 539 F.2d 1349
Easterling v. School Board of Concordia Parish (CA5 2006) 196 Fed. Appx. 251

Eckles v. Consolidated Rail Corp. (CA7 1996) 94 F.3d 1041, 1047
Edelman v. Jordan (1974) 415 US 651
E.E. Black v. Marshall (D. Hawaii 1980) 497 F.Supp. 1088
EEOC v. Aetna Insurance Co. (CA4 1980) 616 F.2d 719
EEOC v. Alamo Rent-A-Car LLC (D. Ariz. 2007) 432 F.Supp. 2d 1006
EEOC v. Allied Aviation Services (2008) Civil Action No. 3:05-CV-1379L, N.D.
of Texas, Dallas Division

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Allied Aviation Services case
EEOC v. Allstate (2006) 458 F.Supp. 2d 980
EEOC v. Amego, Inc. (CA1 1997) 110 F.3d 135
EEOC v. American Airlines (1995) 48 F.3d 164
EEOC v. Apollo Colors (2002)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Apollo Colors case
EEOC v. ARAMCO (1991) 494 US 244
EEOC v. Ashland (2009)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Ashland Colors case

EEOC v. Atlantic Chevrolet/Cadillac (2009)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Atlantic case

EEOC v. Bass Cabinet Manufacturing Inc. (2003)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Bass case
EEOC v. Bd. of Regents of the University of Wisconsin (CA7 2002) 288 F.3d 296
EEOC v. Beverly Enterprises (2001)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Beverly Enterprises ca se
EEOC v. Bobrich Enterprises d/b/a Subway (N.D. Tex. 2007) 2007 U.S. Dist.
LEXIS 15642

EEOC v. Bordens Inc. (CA9 1984) 724 F.2d 1390

EEOC v. Carrols Corp. (2005) U.S. Dist. LEXIS 8337
EEOC v. CBS Broadcasting, Inc. (2000)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the CBS case
EEOC v. Chemalloy Co., Inc. (E. D. Pa. 2003) No. 03-cv-2429

Click here for an EEOC Litigation Settlement page including the Chemalloy case
EEOC v. Cherokee Nation (CA10 1989) 871 F.2d 937
EEOC v. Chicago Miniature Lamp Works (CA7 1991) 947 F.2d 292
EEOC v. Commonwealth of Massachusetts (CA1 1988) 858 F.2d 52
EEOC v. Connectiv. A.C., et al. (2008)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Connectiv case
EEOC v. Consolidated Services Systems (CA7 1993) 989 F.2d 233
EEOC v. Dial Soap (2003) 259 F.Supp. 2d 710

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Dial Soap case
EEOC v. Exxon (N.D. Texas 1997) 967 F.Supp. 208
EEOC v. Exxon Corp. (CA5 2000) 202 F.3d 755
EEOC v. Exxon Mobil Corp (N.D. Tex. 2008) 103 Fair Empl. Prac. Cas. (BNA) 645
EEOC v. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (CA4 1983) 732 F.Supp. 72
EEOC v. Ford of Greensburg (2003)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Greenburg case

EEOC v. Francis Parker Schools (CA7 1994) 41 F.3d 1073
EEOC v. Frederick Transport (1998)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Frederick case

EEOC v. General Dynamics Corp. (1996)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the General Dynamics case
EEOC v. Georgia Southwestern College (CA11 1985) 765 F.2d 1026
EEOC v. Humiston-Keeling, Inc. (2000) 227 F.3d 1024
EEOC v. Hunt Transportation (CA2 2003) 321 F.3d 69
EEOC v. J.C .Penney (CA6 1988) 843 F.2d 249

EEOC v. J.H. Routh Packing Co. (CA6 2001) 246 F.3d 850
EEOC v. Johnson Higgins (CA2 1996) 91 F.3d 1529
EEOC v. Justin McCarthy et al. (1985)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the McCarthy case
EEOC v. Kamehameha Schools/Bishop Estate (CA9 1993) 990 F.2d 458
EEOC v. Liggett & Myers, Inc. (CA4 1982) 690 F.2d 1072
EEOC v. Local 28 (2008)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Local 28 case

EEOC v. Lockheed Martin (1996)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Lockheed Martin case
EEOC v. Long Prairie Packing Company, Inc. (1999) 48 F.Supp. 2d 1170

Click here for an EEOC summary of the Long Prairie settlement
EEOC v. McDonnell Douglas Travel (1997)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the McDonnell case
EEOC v. Massey (CA11 1997) 117 F.3d 1244
EEOC v. Milwaukee Gray Iron (E.D. Wis. 2004)

Click here for an EEOC summary of the Milwaukee Gray Iron settlement (& others)
EEOC v. Mississippi College (CA5 1980) 626 F.2d 477
EEOC v. Mitsubishi Motor Manufacturing of America, Inc. (1996) 102
F.3d 869

EEOC v. Morgan Stanley & Co. (2004) 324 F.Supp. 2d 451
EEOC v. Navy Fed. Credit Union (CA4 2005) 424 F.3d 397
EEOC v. NYNEX Meridian Systems (1997)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the NYNEX case
EEOC v. O&G (CA7 1991) 383 F.3d 872
EEOC v. Outback Steakhouse (2001)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Outback Steakhouse case
EEOC v. Pacific Press Publishing Association (CA9 1981) 676 F.2d 1272
EEOC v. Petco (2001)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Petco case
EEOC v. Piedmont Airlines (1994)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the Piedmont case
EEOC v. Plaza Operating Partners Ltd (S.D.N.Y. 2005)

Click here for an EEOC summary of the Plaza Operating settlement (& others)

EEOC v. Premier Operating Services, Inc. (N.D. Tex. 1999) 113 F.Supp. 2d 1066
EEOC v. Prevo (CA6 1998) 135 F.3d 1089
EEOC v. R.E. Michel Co. (1999)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Michel case

EEOC v. St. Paul Metalcraft (1998)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Metalcraft case

EEOC v. Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary (CA5 1981) 651 F.2d 277
EEOC v. State of Vermont (CA2 1990) 904 F.2d 794
EEOC v. Steamship (CA1 1995) 48 F.3d 594
EEOC v. Swift Transportation (2001)

Click here for a highlight of EPA cases from 1980-2003 including the Swift case
EEOC v. Synchro-Start Products (N.D. Ill. 1999) 29 F.Supp. 2d 911
EEOC v. Texas Instruments (CA5 1996) 100 F.3d 1173
EEOC v. Townley Engineering (CA9 1988) 859 F.2d 610
EEOC v. TWA (2001)

Click here for an EEOC press release on the TWA case

EEOC v. Union Independiente de la Autoridad de Acueductos y Alcantarillados de
Puerto Rico (CA1 2002) 279 F.3d 49

EEOC v. United Parcel Service (CA7 1996) 94 F.3d 314
EEOC v. Universal Underwriters Insurance Co. (CA8 1981) 653 F.2d 1243
EEOC v. Waffle House, Inc. (2002) 534 US 279

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article regarding Toyota v. Williams and EEOC v. Waffle House in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
EEOC v. Wayne Community College (CA6 1983) 723 F.2d 509
EEOC v. Westinghouse Electric Corp. (CA3 1983) 725 F.2d 211
EEOC v. Westinghouse Electric Corp. (CA3 1991) 925 F.2d 619
EEOC v. Wyoming (1983) 460 US 226
Ellert v. University of Texas (CA5 1995) 52 F.3d 543
Ellison v. Brady (CA9 1991) 924 F.2d 872
Elmenayer v. ABF Freight System Inc. (CA2 2003) 318 F.3d 130
Employment Division of Oregon v. Smith (1990) 494 US 872
Epps v. City of Pine Lawn (2003) 353 F.3d 588
Erebia v. Chrysler Plastic Products Corp. (CA6 1985) 777 F.2d 1250
Espinoza v. Farrah Mfg. Co. (1973) 414 US 86
Estades-Negroni v. The Associates Corporation of North America (2003) 345
F.3d 25

Estate of Mauro v. Borgess Medical Center (CA1 1998) 137 F.3d 1398
Evans v. City of Chicago (2007) 513 F.3d 735
Evans v. City of Evanston (CA7 1989) 881 F.2d 382
Evans v. Federal Express (CA1 1998) 133 F.3d 137
Ex parte Young (1908) 209 US 123

 

F


Fallon v. State of Illinois (CA7 1988) 882 F.2d 1206
Faragher v. City of Boca Raton (1998) 139 LED 2d 867 (No. 97-282)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Faragher case
Farkas v. Texas Instrument Co. (CA5 1967) 375 F.2d 629
Farmer v. Philadelphia Electric Co. (CA3 1964) 329 F.2d 3
Feldman v. Nassau County (2006) 434 F.3d 177
Feliberty v. Kemper (CA7 1996) 98 F.3d 274
Fenney v. Dakota, Minnesota & Eastern Railroad Co. (2003) 327 F.3d 707
Ferdo v. Reno (CA7 1994) 21 F.3d 1391
Fernandes v. Costa Brothers Masonry (1999) 199 F.3d 572
Fink v. NYC (CA2 1995) 53 F.3d 565
Firefighters of Local Union #1784 v. Stotts (1984) 467 US 561
Fiscus v. Wal-Mart (2004) 385 F.3d 378

Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (2013) 631 F. 3d 213
Fitzpatrick v. Bitzer (1976) 427 US 445
Fitzpatrick v. City of Atlanta (CA11 1993) 2 F.3d 1112
Florida v. Long (1988) 487 US 223
Fogleman v. Greater Hazleton Health Alliance (2004) 122 Fed. Appx. 581
Fogleman v. Mercy Hospital (2002) 283 F.3d 561
Foreman v. Babcock & Wilcox Co. (CA5 1997) 117 F.3d 800
Forrester v. White (1988) 484 US 219
Forrisi v. Bowen (CA4 1986) 794 F.2d 931
Fragante v. Honolulu (CA9 1989) 888 F.2d 591
Franks v. Bowman Transportation Co., Inc. (1976) 424 US 747
Fraser v. Goodale (2003) 342 F.3d 1034
Frazee v. Illinois Dept. of Employment Security (1989) 489 US 829
Freitag v. Ayers (CA9 2006) 463 F.3d 838
Friedman v. Southern California Permanente Medical Group (2002) 102 Cal.
App. 4th 39

Fuller v. Phipps (1995) 67 F.3d 1137
Fullilove v. Klutznick (1980) 448 US 448
Furnco Construction Corp. v. Waters (1978) 438 US 567
Futran v. RING Radio Company (1980) 501 F.Supp. 734

 


G


Garcia v. Elf Atochem North America (CA5 1994) 28 F.3d 446
Garcia v. Gloor (CA5 1980) 618 F.2d 264
Garcia v. Spun Steak (CA9 1993) 998 F.2d 1480
Gardner v. Morris (CA8 1985) 752 F.2d 1271
Garrett Railroad v. Treadwell (CA11 1983) 715 F.2d 578
Gathercole v. Global (CA9 1984) 727 F.2d 485

Geduldig v. Aiello (1974) 417 US 484
Gaul v. Lucent Technologies, Inc. (CA3 1998) 134 F.3d 576

Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School Dist. (96-1866)106 F.3d 1223

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Gebser case

Geller v. Markham (CA2 1980) 635 F.2d 1027
General Dynamics Land Systems v. Cline (2004) 540 US 581

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the Administration's position in the General Dynamics v. Cline case

General Electric Co. v. Gilbert (1976) 429 US 125
Gentry v. Export Packaging Co. (CA7 2001) 238 F.3d 842
Gentry v. Jackson State University (2009) 610 F.Supp. 2d 564
Gilbert v. City of Little Rock (CA8 1983) 722 F.2d 1390
Gilbert v. Frank (CA2 1991) 949 F.2d 637
Gile v. United Airlines, Inc. (CA7 1996) 95 F.3d 492
Gillespie v. State of Wisconsin (CA7 1985) 771 F.2d 1035
Glanzman v. Metropolitan Management Corp. (2004) 391 F.3d 506
Glenn v. General Motors (1988) 841 F.2d 1567
Gilmore v. Macy's Retail Holdings (2009)
Giordano v. City of New York (2001) 274 F.3d 740
Gomez-Perez v. Potter (2008) 128 S. Ct. 1931
Goodman v. Heublein Inc. (CA2 1981) 645 F.2d 127
Goodman v. Lukens Steel Co. (1987) 482 US 656
Graham v. Richardson (1971) 403 US 365
Grant v. Bethlehem Steel (CA2 1980) 635 F.2d 1007
Gratz v. Bollinger (2003) 539 US 244

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the Administration's position in the Gratz and Grutter cases (April, 2003)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist summarizing the Gratz and Grutter briefs (July, 2003)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist summarizing the Gratz, Grutter, and Costa rulings (October, 2003)
Great American Federal Savings & Loan Assoc. v. Novotny (1979) 442 US 366
Green v. Missouri Pacific Railroad Company (CA8 1975) 523 F.2d 1290
Green v. USX (CA3 1988) 843 F.2d 1511
Greene v. Safeway (2000) 211 F.3d 1278
Gregory v. Ashcroft (1991) 501 US 452
Gregory v. Litton Systems, Inc. (CA9 1972) 472 F.2d 631
Grenier v. Cyanamid (CA1 1995) 703 F.3d 667
Griffen v. Carlin (CA11 1985) 755 F.2d 1516
Griffin v. Kraft Foods (CA11 1995) 62 F.3d 368
Griggs v. Duke Power Co. (1971) 401 US 424

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Griggs case
Gross v. FBL Financial Services, Inc. (2009) 129 S. Ct. 2343
Grosjean v. First Energy (CA6 2004) 349 F.3d 332
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) 539 US 306
Guardians of NY v. Civil Service Commission (CA2 1980) 630 F.2d 79
Gulino v. New York State Education Department (2006) 460 F.3d 361
Gutierrez v. Municipal Court (CA9 1988) 838 F.2d 1031
Gutridge v. Clure (1998) 153 F.3d 898

 

H


Hafer v. Melo (1991) 112 502 US 21
Halperin v. Abacus Tech (1997) 128 F.3d 191
Hankins v. Gap (CA6 1996) 84 F.3d 797
Hankins v. Lyght (CA2 2006) 441 F.3d 96
Hardison v. TWA (CA8 1975) 527 F.2d 33
Harris v. Forklift Systems (1993) 510 US 17

Click here to listen to the oral opinion in the Harris case
Harris v. Pan Am World Airways, Inc. (CA9 1980) 649 F.2d 670
Hayden v. Nassau County (CA2 1999) 180 F.3d 42
Hayes v. Shelby Memorial Hospital (CA11 1984) 726 F.2d 1543
Haynes v. W.C. Caye (CA11 1995) 52 F.3d 928
Hazen v. Biggens (1993) 507 US 604
Hazelwood School Dist. v. United States (1977) 433 US 299
Hedberg v. Indiana Bell Tel. Co. (CA7 1995) 47 F.3d 928
Heilweil v. Mount Sinai Hosp. (CA2 1994) 32 F.3d 718
Hendricks-Robinson v. Excel Corp. (CA7 1998) 154 F.3d 685
Henson v. City of Dundee (CA11 1982) 682 F.2d 897
Herman v. Western Financial (1994) 696 P.2d 595
Herrnreiter v. Chicago Housing Authority (CA7 2002) 315 F.3d 742
Hill v. Kansas City Area Transportation Authority (CA8 1999) 181 F.3d 891
Hill v. Lockheed Martin Logistics Management Inc. (CA3 2003) 314 F.3d 657
Hill v. Seaboard Coast Line (CA11 1989) 885 F.2d 804
Hodgson v. Behrens Drug Co. (CA5 1973) 475 F.2d 1041
Hodgson v. Brookhaven General Hospital (CA5 1970) 423 F.2d 719; 470 F.2d 729
Hodgson v. Daisy Mfg. Co. (CA8 1971) 445 F.2d 823
Hodgson v. Fairmount Supply (CA4 1972) 454 F.2d 490

Hodgson v. Golden Isles Convalescent Homes, Inc. (CA6 1972) 468 F.2d 1256
Hodgson v. Greyhound Lines (CA7 1974) 499 F.2d 859
Hodgson v. Miller Brewing Co. (CA7 1972) 457 F.2d 221
Hodgson v. Robert Hall (1973) 473 F.2d 589
Hodgson v. Security Nat. Bank of Sioux City (CA8 1972) 460 F.2d 57
Holbrook v. City of Alphreta (CA11 1997) 112 F.3d 1522
Hollihan v. Lucky Stores (CA9 1996) 87 F.3d 362
Holman v. Indiana (CA7 2000) 211 F.3d 399
Holt v. JTM Industries (1996) 105 F.3d 658
Hopkins v. Price Waterhouse (1990) 920 F.2d 967
Hopwood v. Texas (CA5 1996) 78 F.3d 932
Horace v. Pontiac (CA6 1980) 624 F.2d 765
Horn v. Duke Homes (CA7 1985) 755 F.2d 599

Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC (2012)
Houk v. Peoploungers, Inc. (CA5 2007) 214 Fed. Appx. 379
Howard v. Haverty (CA5 1980) 615 F.2d 203
Huber v. Howard County (D.Md 1994) 849 F.Supp. 407
Huber v. Wal-Mart (CA8 2007) 486 F.3d 480
Hudson v. MCI (CA10 1996) 87 F.3d 1167
Huff v. Sheahan (CA7 2007) 493 F.3d 893
Hughes v. Derwinski (1992) 967 F.2d 1168
Humphrey v. Memorial Hospitals Association (2001) 239 F.3d 1128
Hundertmark v. State of Florida Department of Transportation (2000) 205 F.3d
1272

Hunt-Golliday v. Metro Water (CA7 1997) 104 F.3d 1004
Hunt v. Nebraska Public Power District (2002) 282 F.3d 1021
Hurd v. Hodge (1948) 334 US 24
Hyland v. Fukada (CA9 1978) 580 F.2d 977

 

I, J, K


Illinois State University v. Varner (CA7 2000) 226 F.3d 927

International Assoc. v. Boeing (CA9 1987) 833 F.2d 165
International Brotherhood of Teamsters v. United States (1977) 431 US 324
International Union, et al., v. Johnson Controls Inc. (CA7 1989) 886 F.2d 871
International Union, et al. v. State of Michigan (CA6 1989) 886 F.2d 766
International Union v. Vought Aircraft Industries, Inc. (2009)
Irby v. Bittick (1995) 44 F.3d 949
Isabel v. City of Memphis (CA6 2005) 404 F.3d 404
Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education (2005) 544 US 167
Jacobs v. Martin Sweets (CA6 1977) 560 F.2d 364
Jacques v. Clean-Up Group, Inc. (CA1 1996) 96 F.3d 506
Jankowitz v. Des Moines Ind. Community School District (CA8 2005) 421 F.3d 649
Jensen v. Potter (CA3 2006) 434 F.3d 444
Jespersen v. Harrah's Operating Co. (D. Nev. 2002) 280 F.Supp. 2d 1189
Jett v. Dallas Independent School District (1989) 491 US 701
Johnson v. Baltimore (1985) 472 US 353
Johnson v. Board of Regents of the University of Georgia (CA11 2001) 263 F.3d 1234
Johnson v. Bunny Bread Co. (CA8 1981) 646 F.2d 1250
Johnson v. Honeywell Information Systems (CA6 1992) 955 F.2d 409
Johnson v. NY Hospital (CA2 1996) 96 F.3d 33
Johnson v. Pike Corp. of America (CD Ca 1971) 332 F.Supp. 490
Johnson v. Railway Express Agency, Inc. (1975) 421 US 454
Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara County, CA (1987) 480 US 616

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Johnson case
Jones v. Alfred H. Mayer Co. (1968) 392 US 409
Jones v. Clinton (ED Ark 1998) 900 F.Supp. 657
Jordan v. Chertoff (CA7 2006) 224 Fed. Appx. 499
Jordan v. Alternative Resources Corp. (CA4 2006) 458 F.3d 332
Jorge v. Rumsfeld (CA1 2005) 404 F.3d 556
Jurado v. Eleven-Fifty Corp. (CA9 1987) 813 F.2d 1406
Kapche v. City of San Antonio (CA5 2002) 304 F.3d 493
Kaplan v. City of North Las Vegas (CA9 2003) 323 F.3d 1226
Karraker v. Rent-A-Center (RAC) (CA7 2005) 411 F.3d 831

Kasten v. Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics (2011)
Katz v. City Metal (CA1 1996) 87 F.3d 426
Katz v. Dole (CA4 1983) 709 F.2d 251
Keating v. FAA (CA9 1979) 610 F.2d 611
Kennedy v. Dresser Rand Co. (CA2 1999) 193 F.3d 120
Kentucky Retirement System v. EEOC (2008) 128 S. Ct. 2361
Kessler v. Westchester (CA2 2009) 308 Fed. Appx.
Killinger v. Samford University (CA11 1997) 113 F.3d 196
Kimel v. Florida Bd. of Regents (2000) 528 US 62

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Kimel v. Florida Bd. Of Regents
Knott v. Missouri Pacific Railway Co. (CA8 1975) 527 F.2d 1249

Knox v. Centric Group, LLC (2009) U,S. Dist. Nevada
Koeber v. Westinghouse Electric (CA3 1973) 480 F.2d 240
Kolstad v. American Dental Association (CADC 1997) 108 F.3d 1431

Click here to listen to the oral argument and/or decision in the Kolstad case
Kopec v. City of Elmhurst (1999)
Kopp v. Samaritan Health System Inc. (CA8 1993) 13 F.3d 264
Korte v. Diemer (CA6 1990) 909 F.2d 954
Kouba v. Allstate (CA9 1982) 691 F.2d 873
Kralik v. Durbin (CA3 1997) 130 F.3d 76
Krauel v. Iowa Methoidst Hospital (CA8 1996) 95 F.3d 674
Krikelis v. Vassar College (2009) U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9597
Kristufek v. Hussman Foodservices Co. (CA7 1993) 985 F.2d 364
Krocka v. City of Chicago (CA7 2000) 203 F.3d 507
Kruchowski v. The Weyerhaeuser Co. (CA10 2006) 423 F.3d 1139

 

L


LaChance v. Duffy's Draft House, Inc. (CA11 1998) 146 F.3d 832

La Day v. Catalyst Technology, Inc. (CA5 2002) 302 F.3d 474
Lack v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (CA4 2001) 240 F.3d 255
Laffey v. Northwest Airlines (CA DC 1984) 740 F.2d 1071
Laffey v. Northwest Airlines (D DC 1973) 366 F.Supp. 763
Lamb v. Qualex (CA4 2002) 33 Fed. Appx. 49
Lang v. Kohl's Food Stores, Inc. (CA7 2000) 217 F.3d 919
Langdon v. Dept of Health & Human Services (DC Cir 1992) 959 F.2d 1053
Lanning v. Southeastern Transp. Auth. (E.D.Pa. 1998) WL 341605
Lanning v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transp. Auth. (SEPTA) (1999) 181 F.3d 478

Click here for an article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist on Lanning v. SEPTA
Lanning v. Southeastern Pennsylvania Transp. Auth. (SEPTA) (CA3 2002) 308 F.3d 286

Click here for an article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist on Lanning II
Lawson v. CSX Transportation, Inc. (CA7 2001) 245 F.3d 916
Leblanc v. Great American Insurance Company (CA1 1993) 6 F.3d 836
Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. (2007) 550 US 618

Click here for an On the Legal Front article regarding the Ledbetter decision (and the Pay Check Fairness Act) in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist (January 2009)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article regarding the Ledbetter decision in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist (January 2008)
Ledergerber v. Stangler (CA8 1997) 122 F.3d 1142
Lee v. Regents of University of California, d/b/a Los Alamos National Laboratory
(CA10 2005) 221 Fed. Appx. 711

Leftwich v. Harris-Stowe State College (CA8 1983) 702 F.2d 686
Lehman v. Nakashian (1981) 453 US 156
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) 403 US 602
Lemons v. City & County of Denver (CA10 1980) 620 F.2d 228
Leonard v. City of Frankfort Electric and Water (CA6 1985) 752 F.2d 189
Leonel v. American Airlines, Inc. (CA9 2005) 400 F.3d 702
Leopold v. Baccarat, Inc. (CA2 2001) 239 F.3d 243
Levin v. Delta Airlines Inc. (CA5 1984) 730 F.2d 994

Lewis v. City of Chicago (2010) 528 F. 3rd 488

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Lewis v. Chicago

Click here for a legal bulletin on the Lewis decision by the Cornell Legal Institute

Click here for a column on Findlaw regarding the Lewis decision

Lewis v. Young Men's Christian Association (CA11 2000) 208 F.3d 1303
Lloyd v. Hardin County Iowa (CA8 2000) 207 F.3d 1080
Lloyd v. Phillips Brothers, Inc. (CA7 1994) 25 F.3d 518
Local 28 of Sheet Metal Workers, etc. v. EEOC (1986) 478 US 421
Local #93, Int. Assoc. of Firefighters v. City of Cleveland (1986) 478 US 501
Loeb v. Textron, Inc. (CA1 1979) 600 F.2d 1003
Lomack v. City of Newark (CA3 2006) 463 F.3d 303
Long v. First Union Corp. of Virginia (CA4 1996) 86 F.3d 1151
Longo v. Carlisle DeCoppet & Co. (CA2 1976) 537 F.2d 685
Lorance v. AT&T (1989) 109 490 US 900

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Lorance cas
Lorillard v. Pons (1978) 434 US 575
Los Angeles, Dept of Water & Power v. Manhart (1978) 435 US 702
Lowe v. J.B. Hunt Transportation, Inc. (CA8 1992) 963 F.2d 173

 

M


Machinchick v. PB Power Inc. (2005) 398 F.3d 345
Macklin v. Spector Freight Systems, Inc. (CA DC 1973) 478 F.2d 979
Maddox v. Univ. of Tennessee (CA6 1995) 62 F.3d 843
Madel v. FCI Marketing (CA8 1997) 116 F.3d 1247
Mahoney v. RFE/RL, Inc. (1995) 47 F.3d 447
Majeske v. City of Chicago (CA7 2000) 218 F.3d 816
Malabarba v. Chicago Tribune Co. (CA7 1998) 149 F.3d 690
Maldonado v. City of Altus (CA10 2006) 433 F.3d 1294
Mararri v. MCI Steel (CA6 1997) 130 F.3d 1180
Mardell v. Harleysville Life Ins. (CA3 1994) 65 F.3d 1072
Marks v. USA (1977) 430 US 188
Marshall v. Building Maintenance Corp. (CA2 1978) 587 F.2d 567
Marshall v. Dallas Ind. School District (CA3 1979) 599 F.2d 1220
Martin v. Wilks (1989) 490 US 755
Martinson v. Kinney Shoe (CA4 1997) 104 F.3d 683
Mathews v. Diaz (1976) 426 US 67
Mattern v. Eastman Kodak Co. (1997) 104 F.3d 702
Massachusetts Bd. of Retirement v. Murgia (1976) 427 US 307
Maziarka v. Mills Fleet Farm (CA8 2001) 245 F.3d 675
McAlindin v. San Diego (CA9 1999) 192 F.3d 1226
McClure v. Salvation Army (CA5 1972) 460 F.2d 553
McCortsin v. U.S. Steel Corp. (CA5 1980) 621 F.2d 749
McCown v. St John's Health System Inc. (CA8 2003) 349 F.3d 540
McCullough v. Kirkum (CA5 2006) 212 Fed. Appx. 281
McCreary v Libbey Owens (CA7 1997) 132 F.3d 1159
McDaniel v. Mississippi Baptist (D.Miss 1995) 877 F.Supp. 321
McDonald v. Pennsylvania (CA3 1998) 62 F.3d 62
McDonald v. Santa Fe Transportation Co. (1976) 427 US 273
McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green (1973) 411 US 792

McGinest v. GTE Service Corp. (2004) 360 F.3d 1103
McGlothin v. Jackson Municipal Separate Sch. Dist. (CA5 1993) 999 F.2d 1580
McGowan v. City of Eufala (C 10 2006) 472 F.3d 736
McGuinnes v. Univ. of New Mexico (CA10 1998) 170 F.3d 974
McLaughlin v. Richland Shoe Co. (1988) 486 US 128
McKay v. Toyota (CA6 1997) 110 F.3d 369
McKee v. Bi-State Development Agency (CA8 1986) 801 F.2d 1014
McKennon v. Nashville Banner (1995) 513 US 352
McKnight v. General Motors Corp. (CA7 1990) 908 F.2d 104
McMillan v. Monroe County (1997) 520 US 781
McNemar v. Disney Stores (CA3 1996) 91 F.3d 610
McRae v. Department of Corrections & Rehabilitation (2005) 30 Cal. Rptr. 3d 755
McWilliams v. Fairfax County Board of Supervisors (CA4 1996) 72 F.3d 1191
Meacham v. Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory (KAPL) (2008) 128 S. Ct. 2395

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the Meacham and Kentucky Retirement v. EEOC decisions

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the Meacham and Gulino decisions

   Click here for a bulletin from the Cornell Legal Information Institute on the Meacham case

Meeks v. Computer Associates (CA11 1994) 15 F.3d 1013
Mengine v. Runyon (CA3 1997) 114 F.3d 415
Mereish v. Walker (CA4 2004) 359 F.3d 330

Meritor v. Vinson (1986) 477 US 57

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Vinson case
Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. FCC (1990) 97 US 547
Metz v. Transit Mix (CA7 1987) 828 F.2d 1202
Mickelson v. New York Life Co. (CA10 2006) 460 F.3d 1304
Milikin v. Bradley (1974) 418 US 717
Miller v. Bank of America (N.D. Cal 1976) 418 F.Supp. 233
Miller v. Illinois (CA7 1996) 107 F.3d 483
Milton v. Scrivner, Inc. (CA10 1995) 53 F.3d 1118
Miners v. Cargill (CA8 1997) 113 F.3d 820
Mistretta v. Sandia Corp. (CA10 1980) 639 F.2d 588
Mohasco v. Silver (1980) 447 US 807
Mohr v. Dustrol, Inc. (2002) 306 F.3d 636
Mole v. Buckhorn Rubber Products, Inc. (CA8 1999) 165 F.3d 1212
Monell v. Department of Social Services of the City of New York (1978) 436 US 658
Monette v. Electronic Data Systems Corp. (CA6 1996) 90 F.3d 1173
Monroe v. Pape (1961) 365 US 167
Moore v. City of Philadelphia (CA3 2006) 461 F.3d 331
Morrissey v. Boston Bank (CA1 1995) 54 F.3d 27
Moritz v. Frontier Airlines, Inc. (CA8 1998) 147 F.3d 784
Morton v. United Parcel Service (2005) 954 So. 2d 4
Moses v. American Nonwovens (CA11 1996) 97 F.3d 446
Moysis v. DTG Datanet (CA8 2002) 278 F.3d 819
Mt. Healthy City School District Bd. of Ed. v. Doyle (1977) 429 US 274

Murphy v. United Parcel Service (1999) 527 US 516
Muller v. Oregon (1908) 208 US 412
Mulloy v. Acushnet Co. (CA1 2006) 460 F.3d 141
Myers v. Hose (CA4 1995) 50 F.3d 278

 

N, O


Nair v. Nicholson (CA7 2006) 464 F.3d 766
Nashville Gas Co. v. Satty (1977) 434 US 136
Nationsbank Corp. v. Herman (CA4 1999) 174 F.3d 424
Nelson v. Thornburgh (E.D. Pa. 1983) 567 F.Supp. 369

Nembhard v. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (CA2 1996) 104 F.3d 353
Newberry v. East Texas State University (CA5 1998) 161 F.3d 276
Newland v. Dalton (CA9 1995) 81 F.3d 904
Newman v. Chevron (S.D.Tex 1997) 979 F.Supp. 1085
Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co. v. EEOC (1983) 462 US 669
New York City v. Beazer (1979) 440 US 568
Nisperos v. Buck (N.D. Cal 1989) 720 F.Supp. 1424
Noesen v. Medical Staffing Network, Inc. (CA7 2007)

Norcross v. Sneed (CA8 1985) 755 F.2d 113
Northwest Airlines v. Transport Workers Union, et al. (1981) 451 US 77
O'Connor v. Consolidated Coin Caterers Corp. (1996) 517 US 308

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the O'Conner case
O'Donnell v. Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse (S.D. Ohio 1987) 656 F.Supp. 263
O'Donnell Construction Co. v. District of Columbia (CA DC1992) 963 F.2d 420
O'Driscoll v. Hercules, Inc. (CA10 1994) 12 F.3d 176
Odomes v. Nucare, Inc. (CA6 1981) 653 F.2d 246
O'Neal v. Ferguson Construction Co. (CA10 2001) 237 F.3d 1248
Officers for Justice v. Civil Service Commission (CA9 1992) 979 F.2d 721

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the legal status of banding citing the Officers for Justice case
Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, Inc. (1998) 523 US 75

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Oncale case

Click here for an On the Legal Front article regarding Oncal v. Sundowner and same-sex sexual harassment in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
Oscar Mayer & Co. v. Evans (1979) 441 US 750
Ostrowski v. Atlantic Mutual (CA2 1992) 968 F.2d 188
Oubre v. Entergy Operations (1998) 522 US 422

 

P


Pack v. Kmart Corp. (CA10 1999) 166 F.3d 1300
Paloni v. Albuquerque Police Dept. (CA10 2006) 212 Fed. Appx. 716
Paolillo v. Dresser (CA2 1987) 821 F.2d 81

Paolillo v. Dresser Industries, Inc., (CA2 1989) 865 F. 2d 37
Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School Dist. (2007) 127 S. Ct. 2738

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Parents decision
Pasqua v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co. (CA7 1996) 101 F.3d 514
Passer v. American Chemical Society (1991) 935 F.2d 322
Patterson v. Chicago Assoc. Retarded Citizens (CA7 1998) 150 F.3d 719
Patterson v. McLean Credit Union (1989) 491 US 164
Peck v. Sony Music Corp. (N.Y. App. Div. 1995) 221 A.D.2d 157
Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders (2004) 542 US 129

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders (October, 2004)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Pennsylvania State Police v. Suders (July, 2004)
Penny v. United Parcel Service (CA6 1997) 128 F.3d 408
Personnel Administrator v. Feeney (1979) 442 US 256
Peters v. City of Mauston (CA7 2002) 311 F.3d 835
Peters v. City of Shreveport (CA5 1987) 818 F.2d 1148
Peterson v. Wilmur Communications, Inc. (2002) 205 F.Supp. 2d 1014
Petit v. City of Chicago (CA7 2003) 352 F.3d 1111

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Petit v. Chicago

Petruska v. Gannon University (CA3 2006) 462 F.3d 294

PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin (2001) 532 US 661

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the earlier Martin v. PGA Tour case (2000)
Phelan v. Cook County (CA7 2006) 463 F.3d 773
Phillips v. Martin Marietta (1971) 400 US 542
Pope v. Pilgrim's Pride Corp. (CA11 2007) 250 Fed. Appx. 282
Porter v. Erie Foods Int' l, Inc. (CA7 2009) 576 F.3d 629
Pinero v. Specialty Restaurants Corp. (2005) 130 Cal. App. 4th 635
Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992) 510 US 1309
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) 163 US 537
Police Officers for Equal Rights v. City of Columbus (CA6 1990) 916 F.2d 1092
Pollard v. High's of Baltimore, Inc. (CA4 2002) 281 F.3d 462
Prewitt v. U.S. Postal Service (CA5 1981) 662 F.2d 292
Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins (1989) 490 US 228

Click here for the oral argument in the Hopkins case
Proud v. Stone (CA4 1991) 945 F.2d 796
Pullman-Standard v. Swint (1982) 456 US 273

 

R


Rabidue v. Osceola (CA6 1986) 805 F.2d 611
Rachid v. Jack in the Box Inc. (2004) 376 F.3d 305
Ralph v. Lucent Technology (CA1 1998) 135 F.3d 166
Rand v. CF Industries, Inc. (CA7 1994) 42 F.3d 1139
Randlett v. Shalala (CA1 1997) 118 F.3d 857
Randolph v. Ohio Dept. of Youth Services (CA6 2006) 453 F.3d 724
Ray v. Henderson (CA9 2000) 217 F.3d 1234
Redmond v. GAF Corp. (CA7 1978) 574 F.2d 897
Reed v. LePage Bakeries, Inc. (CA1 2001) 244 F.3d 254
Reed v. MBNA Marketing Systems, Inc. (CA1 2003) 333 F.3d 27
Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Products, Inc. (2000) 530 U.S. 133

Click here to listen to the oral opinion in the Reeves case
Rehman v. State University of New York at Stony Brook (2009) 596 F.Supp. 2d 643
Regents of University of California v. Bakke (1978) 438 US 265

Click here to listen to the oral arguments and/or decision in the Bakke case
Regents of Nebraska v. Dawes (CA8 1976) 522 F.2d 380
Rene v. MGM Grand Hotel (CA9 2001) 243 F.3d 1206
Reynolds v. City of Chicago (CA7 2002) 296 F.3d 524
Ricci v. DeStefano (2009) 530 F3d 87

 Click here for an On the Legal Front article entitled "Reflections on Ricci" in the Industrial-Organizational Psychologist 

(April, 2012)

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article regarding Ricci v. DeStefano in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist (October 2009)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article regarding Ricci v. DeStefano in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist (April 2009)

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the City of Bridgeport settlement (an example of a reaction to the Ricci decision)

Click here for OFCCP FAQS regarding the Ricci case

Richmond v. Oneok (CA10 1997) 120 F.3d 205
Rinehimer v. Cemcolift, Inc. (CA3 2002) 292 F.3d 375
Rivera-Rodriguez v. Frito Lay (CA1 2001) 265 F.3d 15
Robinson v. Sappington (CA7 2003) 351 F.3d 317
Robinson v. Shell Oil (1997) 519 US 337
Rochon v. Gonzales (CA DC 2006) 438 F.3d 1211
Rodriguez v. Smithkline Beecham (CA1 2000) 224 F.3d 1

Rodgers v. Lehman (CA4 1989) 869 F.2d 253
Roe v. Wade (1973) 410 US 113
Rogers v. EEOC (CA5 1971) 454 F.2d 518
Rogers v. Int. Marine (CA 1996) 87 F.3d 755
Rossbach v. City of Miami (CA11 2004) 371 F.3d 1354
Rosenfeld v. Southern Pacific Co. (CA9 1971) 444 F.2d 1219
Rowland v. American General Finance, Inc. (2003) 340 F.3d 187
Runyon v. McCrary (1976) 427 US 160
Runyon v. National Cash Register Corp. (CA6 1986) 787 F.2d 1039

 

S


Salazar v. Marathon Oil Company (S.D. Tex. 1980) 502 F.Supp. 631
Salley v. Circuit City Stores, Inc. (CA3 1998) 160 F.3d 977
Sanders v. Dobbs House Inc. (CA5 1970) 431 F.2d 1097
Saroli v. Automation & Modular Components, Inc. (CA6 2005) 405 F.3d 446
Sarsycki v. UPS (W.D.Ok 1994) 862 F.Supp. 336
Schaeffer v. San Diego Yellow Cabs (CA9 1972) 462 F.2d 1002
Schmedding v. Tnemec Co., Inc. (CA8 1999) 187 F.3d 862
Schoffstall v. Henderson (CA8 2000) 223 F.3d 818
School Board of Nassau County v. Arline (1987) 480 US 273

Click here to listen to the opinion in the Arlene case
Schultz v. American Can Co. (CA8 1970) 424 F.2d 356
Schultz v. First Victoria Nat. Bank (1969) 420 F.2d 648CA5
Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co. (CA3 1970) 421 F.2d 259
Scott-Brown v. Cohen (2002) 220 F.Supp. 2d 504
Shaare Tefila Congregation v. Cobb (1987) 481 US 615
Shafer v. Preston Memorial Hospital (CA4 1997) 107 F.3d 274

Shattuck v. Kinetic Concepts (CA5 1995) 49 F.3d 1106
Shaw v. Autozone, Inc. (CA7 1999) 180 F.3d 806
Sheehan v. City of Gloucester (CA1 2003) 321 F.3d 21
Shelton v. Univsersity of Medical & Dentistry of New Jersey (CA3 2000) 223 F.3d 220
Sherbert v. Verner (1963) 374 US 398
Shiring v. Runyon (CA3 1996) 90 F.3d 827
Shockley v. Minner (2009) U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31289
Siefken v. Arlington Heights (CA& 1995) 65 F.3d 664
Siler-Khoder v. Univ. of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio (CA5 2002)
261 F.3d 542

Siler-Khoder v. University of Texas, San Antonio (CA5 2002) 292 F.3d 221
Sims-Fingers v. City of Indianapolis (CA7 2007) 493 F.3d 768
Simon v. Safelite Glass (CA2 1997) 128 F.3d 68

Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives' Assn., (1989) 489 U.S. 602

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Skinner case

Slater v. King Soopers (1992) 809 F.Supp. 809
Smith v. Ameritech (CA6 1997) 129 F.3d 857
Smith v. Blue Cross (CA10 1996) 102 F.3d 1075
Smith v. City of Jackson (2005) 544 US 228

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding the Smith v. City of Jackson decision

Smith v. Davis (CA3 2001) 248 F.3d 249
Smith v. Henderson (CA6 2004) 376 F.3d 529

Smith v. Midland Brake, Inc. (Ca10 1999) 180 F.3d 1154
Smith v. Pyro Mining (CA6 1987) 827 F.2d 1081
Smith v. Riceland Foods (CA8 1998) 151 F.3d 813
Solon v. Gary Community School Corp. (CA7 1999) 180 F.3d 844
Soroka v. Dayton-Hudson Corp. (1989) Cal. H143579-3.

Click here for a summary of Soroka v. Dayton by the American Psychological Association
Southeastern Community College v. Davis (1979) 442 US 397
Spades v. City of Walnut Ridge (CA8 1999) 186 F.3d 897
Spangler v. Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines (CA8 2002) 278 F.3d 847
Spaulding v. University of Washington (CA9 1984) 740 F.2d 686
Spearman v. Ford Motor Co. (CA7 2000) 231 F.3d 1080
Spivey v. Beverly Enterprises, Inc. (CA11 1999) 196 F.3d 1309
Sprogis v. United Air Lines (CA7 1971) 444 F.2d 1194
Spurlock v. United Airlines, Inc. (CA10 1972) 475 F.2d 216
St. Francis College v. Al-Khazraji (1987) 481 US 604
St. Mary's Honor Center v. Hicks (1993) 509 US 502
St. Regis Paper Co. v. Marshall (CA10 1979) 591 F.2d 612
Stanziale v. Jargowsky (CA3 2000) 200 F.3d 101
Starceski v. Westinghouse (CA3 1995) 54 F.3d 1089
State Police v. Difava (CA1 2003) 317 F.3d 6
Steiner v. Showboat (CA9 1994) 25 F.3d 1459
Stephen v. P.G.A. Sheraton Resort (CA11 1989) 873 F.2d 276

Stewart v. County of Brown (CA7 1996) 86 F.3d 107
Stewart v. Happy Herman's Cheshire Bridge (CA11 1997) 117 F.3d 1278
Strathie v. Dept. of Transportation (CA3 1983) 716 F.2d 227
Strecker v. Grand Forks County Social Service Board (CA8 1980) 640 F.2d 96
Stone v. City of Mount Vernon (CA2 1997) 118 F.3d 92
Stout v. Baxter Healthcare Corp. (CA5 2002) 282 F.3d 856
Stutts v. Freeman (CA11 1983) 694 F.2d 666
Sugarman v. Dougall (1973) 413 US 634
Sullivan v. Little Hunting Park, Inc. (1969) 396 US 299

Sullivan v. River Valley School District (1999) 197 F.3d 804

Click here for an On the Legal Front article in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist regarding Sullivan v. River Valley
Summers v. State Farm (CA10 1988) 84 F.2d 700
Surrisi v. Conwed Corp. (CA8 1975) 510 F.2d 1088
Sutton v. Atlantic Richfield Co. (CA9 1981) 646 F.2d 407
Sutton v. United Air Lines (1999) 527 U.S. 471
Swanks v. Washington Transit (CA DC 1997) 116 F.3d 582
Syverson v. International Business Machines Corp. (CA9 2006) 461 F.3d 1147
Szmaj v. AT&T, Inc. (2002) U.S. Dist. LEXIS 22601

 

T


Taken v. Oklahoma (CA10 1997) 125 F.3d 136 6
Talevera v. Palm Beach County (CA11 1997) 129 F.3d 1214
Talbert v. City of Richmond (CA4 1981) 648 F.2d 925
Taxman v. Piscataway (CA3 1996) 91 F.3d 1547
Taylor v. Jones (CA8 1981) 653 F.2d 1193
Taylor v. Nimock's Oil Co. (CA8 2000) 214 F.3d 957

Taylor v. Pathmark Stores, Inc. (CA3 1999) 177 F.3d 180
Taylor v. Phoenixville School District (CA3 1999) 174 F.3d 142
Taylor v. Principal Financial Group (CA5 1997) 93 F.3d 155
Taylor v. Roche (CA11 2006) 196 Fed. Appx. 799
Taylor v. USF-Red Star Express, Inc. (CA3 2006) 212 Fed. Appx. 101
Taylor v. White (CA8 2003) 321 F.3d 710
Teahan v. Metro-North Commuter (CA2 1991) 951 F.2d 511
Tenkku v. Normandy Bank (CA8 2003) 348 F.3d 737
Terrell v. USAir (CA11 1998) 132 F.3d 621
Texas Dept. of Community Affairs v. Burdine (1981) 450 US 248
Thomas v. Potter (CA7 2006) 202 Fed. Appx. 11
Thomforde v. International Business Machines Corp. (CA8 2005) 406 F.3d 500

Thompson v. North American Stainless 562 U.S. ___ (2011)
Thompson v. North American Stainless (CA6 2009) 567 F.3d 804
Thompson v. Olsten (D.Minn 1994) 980 F.Supp. 1035
Thompson v. Sawyer (CA DC 1982) 678 F.2d 257
Tidwell v. Fort Howard (CA10 1993) 989 F.2d 406
Timken Co. v. Vaughan (1976) 413 F.Supp. 1183
Tomassi v. Insignia Financial Group, Inc. (CA2 2007) 478 F.3d 111
Tompkins v. Public Service Electric & Gas (D.N.J. 1976) 422 F.Supp. 553
Tooley v. Martin Marietta (CA9 1981) 648 F.2d 1239
Torres v. Wisconsin Department of Health and Social Services (1988) 859 F.2d 1523
Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky, Inc. v. Williams (2002) 534 US 184

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article regarding Toyota v. Williams and EEOC v. Waffle House in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
Treadwell v. Alexander (CA11 1983) 707 F.2d 473

Treasury Employees v. Von Raab, 489 U.S. 656 (1989)

Click here to listen to the oral arguments in the Von Raab case

Trotter v. Bd. of Trustees of the University of Alabama (1996) 91 F.3d 1449
Troupe v. May Department Stores (CA7 1994) 20 F.3d 734
Bd. of Trustees of the University of Alabama v. Garrett (2001) 121 S. Ct. 955
Tung v. Texaco (CA2 1983) 150 F.3d 206
Touhy v. Ford (CA6 1982) 675 F.2d 842
Turco v. Hoechst (CA5 1996) 101 F.3d 1090
Turjic v. Holland (CA6 1994) 85 F.3d 1211
TWA v. Hardison (1977) 432 US 63
TWA v. Thurston (1985) 469 US 111

 

U, V


United Airlines, Inc. v. McMann (1977) 434 US 192
United Steelworkers etc. v. Weber (1979) 443 US 193

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Weber case

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center v. Nassar (2013) 674 F. 3d 448

Urbano v. Continental Airlines (1998) 38 F.3d 204
US Airways, Inc. v. Barnett (2002) 535 US 391

Click here for an On the Legal Front Article regarding US Airways v. Barnett in The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
US v. City of Buffalo (W.D. New York, 1978) 457 F.Supp. 612
US v. Crosby (CA11 1995) 59 F.3d 1133
US v. Duquesne Light Co. (W.D. Pa. 1976) 423 F.Supp. 507
US v. Georgia Power Co. (CA5 1983) 695 F.2d 890
US v. New Orleans Public Service (NOPSI) (CA5 1984) 723 F.2d 422
US v. City of New York (S.D.N.Y. July 2, 2009) 631 F.Supp. 2d 419
US v. Paradise (1987) 480 US 149
US v. Philadelphia Board of Ed. (CA3 1990) 911 F.2d 882
US Postal Service Bd. of Governors v. Aikens (1983) 460 US 711
US v. Seeger (1965) 380 US 163
US v. Virginia (1996) 518 US 515
Usery v. Tamiami Trail Tours Inc. (CA5 1976) 531 F.2d 224
Utley v. Varian Associates, Inc. (CA9 1987) 811 F.2d 1279

Van Koten v. Family Health Management, Inc. (CA7 1997) 134 F.3d 375

Vance v. Ball State University (2013) 646 F. 3d 461
Vande Zande v. Wisconsin Dep't of Admin. (CA7 1995) 44 F.3d 538
Vandersand v. Wal-Mart Stores Inc. (C.D. Ill. 2007) 525 F.Supp. 2d 1052
Vaughn v. Pool Offshore Co. (CA5 1982) 683 F.2d 922
Vega v. Kodak (CA1 1993) 62 FEP Cases 1198
Velikonja v. Gonzales (CA DC 2006) 466 F.3d 122
Venters v. Delphi (CA7 1997) 123 F.3d 956
Vichare v. AMBAC (CA2 1996) 106 F.3d 457
Volvo GM Heavy Truck Corp. v. US (CA4 1997) 118 F.3d 205
Vuong v. New York Life Insurance Co. (CA2 2009)

 

W

Wal-Mart v. Dukes 564 U.S. (2011)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in Wal-Mart v. Dukes

West v. Vought Aircraft Industries, Inc. (2008) 256 S. W. 3d 618
Waddell v. Valley Forge Dental Associates, Inc. (CA11 2001) 276 F.3d 1275
Waldron v. SL Industries (CA3 1995) 56 F.3d 491
Wallace v. Coastal International Security Inc. (D.C. Cir 2002) 275 F.3d 1119
Wallace v. Debron Corp. (CA8 1974) 494 F.2d 674
Wallace v. Dunn (CA11 1992) 968 F.2d 1174
Wallin v. Minnesota (CA8 1998) 153 F.3d681
Walsh v. United Parcel Service (CA6 2000) 201 F.3d 718
Walters v. Metro Educational Enterprises, Inc. (1997) 519 US 292
Walton v. Johnson & Johnson Servs. (CA11 2003) 347 F.3d 1272
Ward v. Massachusetts Health Research Institute (CA1 2000) 209 F.3d 29
Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio (1989) 490 US 642

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Wards Cove case
Washington (Mayor, DC) v. Davis (1976) 426 US 229

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Davis case
Washington v. Lake County (CA7 1992) 969 F.2d 250
Washington v. Illinois Dept. of Revenue (CA7 2005) 420 F.3d 658

Waters v. Wisconsin Steel Works of Int. Harvester Co. (CA7 1970) 427 F.2d 476
Watson v. City of Cleveland (CA6 2006) 202 Fed. Appx. 844
Watson v. Fort Worth Bank & Trust 487 US 977 (1988)

Click here to listen to the oral argument in the Watson case
Weber v. Strippit (CA8 1999) 186 F.3d 907
Weeks v. Southern Bell Telephone (CA5 1969) 408 F.2d 228
Weger v. Ladue (CA8 2007) 500 F.3d 710
Weigel v. Target Stores (CA7 1997) 122 F.3d 461
Weiler v. Household Finance Corp. (CA7 1996) 101 F.3d 519
Weissman v. Shaare Emeth (CA10 1994) 38 F.3d 1038
Welch v. Liberty Machine Works, Inc. (CA8 1996) 99 F.3d 1144
Welsh v. United States (1970) 398 US 333
Wernick v. Federal Res. Bank of NY (CA2 1996) 91 F.3d 379
Wernsing v. Department of Human Services (CA7 2005) 427 F.3d 466
Wessling v. Kroeger (E.D. Mich. 1982) 544 F.Supp. 548
West v. Gibson (1999) 527 US 212
West Virginia v. Casey (CA3 1989) 885 F.2d 11
Western Airlines v. Criswell (1985) 472 US 400
Wexler v. White's Fine Furniture, Inc. (CA6 2003) 317 F.3d 564
White v. Baxter Healthcare Corp. (2008) 533 F.3d 381
White v. Omega Protein Corp. (CA5 2007) 226 Fed. Appx. 360
White v. York Int' l Corp. (CA10 1995) 45 F.3d 357
Whitebeck v. Vital Signs (CA DC 1997) 116 F.3d 588
Whittlesey v. Union Carbide Corp. (S.D.N.Y. 1983) 567 F.Supp. 1320
Wildman v. Lerner Stores Corp. (CA1 1985) 771 F.2d 605
Will v. Michigan Department of State Police (1989) 491 US 58
Williams v. Channel Master (CA4 1996) 101 F.3d 346
Williams v. Ford Motor Company (1999) 187 F.3d 533
Williams v. General Foods (CA7 1974) 492 F.2d 399
Williams v. Mo. Dept of Mental Health (CA8 2005) 407 F.3d 972
Williams v. Philadelphia Housing Authority Police Dept. (CA3 2004) 380 F.3d 751
Williams v. Widnall (CA10 1996) 79 F.3d 1003
Willingham v. Macon Telegraph Publishing Co. (CA5 1975) 507 F.2d 1084
Wilking v. Ramsey (D.Minn 1998) 983 F.Supp. 848
Wilson v. Southwest Airlines Co. (N.D. Tex. 1981) F.Supp. 292
Winarto v. Toshiba American Electronics Components, Inc. (CA9 2001) 274 F.3d 1276
Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) 406 U.S. 205
Wittmer v. Peters (CA7 1996) 87 F.3d 916
Wood v. Green (CA11 2003) 323 F.3d 1309
Workman v. Frito-Lay, Inc. (CA6 1999) 165 F.3d 460
Wormley v. Arkla, Inc. (E.D.Ark 1994) 871 F.Supp. 1079
Wright v. Olin (CA4 1982) 697 F.2d 1172
Wright v. Runyon (CA7 1994) 2 F.3d 214
Wrightson v. Pizza Hut of America (CA4 1996) 99 F.3d 138
Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education (1986) 476 US 267

 

Y, Z

Yott v. North American Rockwell (CA9 1979) 602 F.2d 904
Young v. International Telephone & Telegraph Co. (CA3 1971) 438 F.2d 757
Zaccagnini v. Chas Levy Circulating Co. (CA7 2003) 338 F.3d 672
Zelnick v. Fashion Institute of Technology (CA2 2006) 464 F.3d 217

Zenor v. El Paso Healthcare System, Ltd. (CA5 1999) 176 F.3d 847

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