May 19, 2009
Author(s): Kimberly Sinkkanen , Dr. Susan Walch , Elisabeth Swain , Jacquelyn Francisco , Cassi Breaux , Chandra Kirby , Enoch Walls
Sexual minorities may experience significant discrimination and prejudice. Discrimination and prejudice have been widely reported by transgender individuals (Lombardi et al., 2001). A crossover design was used to compare the impact of a live transgender panel presentation to a lecture presentation about transgender issues. As part of an undergraduate course, 45 students were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: A) a live panel presentation followed by a lecture presentation (n=23), or B) a lecture presentation followed by a live panel presentation (n=22). Attitudes toward transgender individuals were assessed prior to the presentations and again immediately following each presentation, and three weeks later. Repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant main effect for time and a significant condition by time interaction. Significant reductions in negative attitudes toward transgender individuals were found across time for students in both conditions. The live panel presentation evidenced steeper initial reductions in transphobia than the lecture presentation. Further reductions in transphobia scores were seen after the addition of the live panel presentation. However, further reductions in transphobia scores were not found after the addition of the lecture. Results suggest that live panel presentations evoke greater reduction of negative attitudes and beliefs toward transgender individuals.