Unit 7
the turnbull plantation -
a british settlement in florida

Students learn about Florida’s British period, its indigo plantations,
and its coquina archaeology.

academic outcomes/lesson objectives:

Students read selections introducing them to the ways that Dr. Turnbull’s indigo colony utilized coquina structures, introduced Minorcans to Florida, and founded the city of New Smyrna.


Resources:

Austin, Robert and Dorothy Moore. Archaeology of the New Smyrna Colony. New Smyrna Beach, FL: Southeastern Archaeological Research, Inc, 1999.

Beeson, Kenneth Jr. Fromajadas and Indigo – The Minorcan Colony in Florida. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2006.

Florida Public Archaeology Network. 28 February 2008 <http://www.flpublicarchaeology.org>.

Grange, Roger Jr. “The Turnbull Colonist’s House at New Smyrna Beach: A Preliminary Report on 8VO7051,” The Florida Anthropologist, Vol. 52. (Mar-Jun 1999).

Grange, Roger and Dorothy Moore. “Search and Rescue Archaeology at the Smyrnea Settlement: A Preliminary Description of Structure Types.” The Florida Anthropologist, Vol. 56 (Sep 2003)

Griffin, Patricia. “Life on the Plantations of East Florida: 1763-1848,” The Florida Anthropologist, Vol. 56, (Sep 2003). “Indigo Cultivation in British East Florida.” Florida History Online. 24 February 2008.
<http://www.unf.edu/floridahistoryonline//Plantations/plantations/Indigo_Cultivation_and_Processing.htm>.
Luther, Gary. History of New Smyrna East Florida with Illustrations. New Smyrna Beach, FL: Luthers
Publishing, 2001.

Moore, Dorothy and Dana St. Claire. “Dreams and Promises Unfulfilled: Andrew Turnbull and the New Smyrna Colony.” The Florida Anthropologist, Vol. 52, (Mar-Jun 1999)

“Smyrnea: Dr. Andrew Turnbull and the Mediterranean Settlement at New Smyrna and Edgewater, Florida, 1766-1777.” Florida History Online. 24 February 2008.
<http://www.unf.edu/floridahistoryonline//Turnbull/index.htm>.

“Three New Smyrna Maps Dated 1767-1700 Discovered in Dundee, Scotland.” Musqueto Newsletter. New Smyrna, FL: Southeast Volusia Historical Society, Inc. 2003.

Author:

Kelley Weitzel, http://www.KelleyWeitzel.com

Student Articles & Activities:

1. Who came to Florida with Dr. Turnbull?
2. The New Smyrna Settlement – Troubles from the Start
3. The New Smyrna Settlement – Problems to the End
4. Why was indigo an important crop?
5. Is there really a Fort in Old Fort Park?
6. Who else built on this coquina foundation?
7. What other coquina structures did Turnbull build?
8. ACTIVITY: Using Archaeology & History to Date the “Settlers’ House” Site

Vocabulary:

Artifact, Canal, Colony, Colonist, Coquina, Descendents, Drought, Dye, Excavate, Fort,
Foundation, Indentured Servant, Indigo, Irrigate, Malaria, Minorca, Settlers, Structure, Synthetic,
Thatch, Wharf

 

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