Unit 5
mala compra -
how archaeology works

Students learn about life on a Florida Plantation in the early 1800s.

academic outcomes/lesson objectives:

Students read selections introducing them to Florida’s plantation system and Mala Compra’s owner: General Joseph Hernandez, Florida’s first Hispanic Congressman. This lesson plan serves as a historical introduction to the lesson plans: “Mala Compra – How Archaeology Works” and “Sugar Cane and Sugar Mills in Early Florida.”


A Plantation in Early Florida: The Ruins of Mala Compra (1816-1836). [Proposed interpretative signage for the Mala Compra Site.] St. Augustine: Mala Compra Plantation Archaeological Preservation Project, 2008.

Florida Public Archaeology Network. 28 February 2008 <http://www.flpublicarchaeology.org>.
Sass, Shelly. Personal Interview. 6 February 2008.

Smith, Greg, Shelly Sass, Susan R. Parker, Deborah Mullins. Archaeology, History, and Recommendations for Architectural Conservation: Mala Compra Plantation (8FL26) Flagler County. St. Augustine: Environmental Services, Inc., 2002.

Smith, Greg. “RE: Archaeology at Mala Compra.” E-mails to the author. 15 February – 1 March 2008.

Wallace, Tony. Personal Interview. 6 February 2008.


Kelley Weitzel, http://www.KelleyWeitzel.com

Student Articles & Activities:

1. What will you find at the Mala Compra site?
2. Visit the Mala Compra Main House
3. Mala Compra’s Other Buildings
4. Studying the Artifacts at Mala Compra
5. ACTIVITY: Categorizing Artifacts


Analyze, Archaeologist, Artifact, Base, Categorize, Centimeter, Clay, Context, Coquina, Cotton,
Domestic, Excavate, Feature, Historian, Install, Meter, Plantation, Preserve, Quarry, Sift, Site, Slave, Tabby, Tarp, Well


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