Unit 3
CAstillo de San Marcos

Students learn about the history of Florida’s most famous
coquina fort.

academic outcomes/lesson objectives:

Students read selections introducing them to the ways that the Castillo de San Marcos influenced Florida’s history.


Halbert, Carl. A Cultural Resource Assessment: The Historic Terreplain at Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St. Augustine, FL. St. Augustine: Planning and Building Department, 2001.

Arana, Luis Rafael and Albert Manucy. The History of Castillo de San Marcos. St. Augustine, FL: Historic Printed Map Company, 2005.

“Castillo de San Marcos.” National Park Service. 28 February 2008

Florida Public Archaeology Network. 28 February 2008 <http://www.flpublicarchaeology.org>.

“Quarry Historical Site.” Florida State Parks. 28 February 2008

Zomlefer, Wendy and David Giannasi. “Floristic Survey of Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St. Augustine, Florida.” Castanea. Vol. 70 (2005): 222-236.


Kelley Weitzel, http://www.KelleyWeitzel.com

Student Articles & Activities:

1. What is a coquina quarry?
2. How was coquina stone cut?
3. The Long Haul – Building the Castillo
4. Attacks on the Castillo
5. New Rulers
6. What does the Castillo look like?
7. Archaeology at the Castillo
8. ACTIVITY: Matching up Excavation Colors


Ambush, Archaeology, Coarse, Compacted, Coquina, Erode, Excavate, Foundation, Layer,
Mainland, Mason, Mine, Midden, Moat, Mortar, National Park, Outcropping, Oxen, Pavers,
Quarry, Quarters, Raft, Siege, Slab, State Park, Tabby


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