Unit 10
coquina conservation -
taking care of our history

Students learn how archaeologists study and care for Florida’s coquina ruins.

academic outcomes/lesson objectives:

Students read selections introducing them to the ways that archaeologists preserve and protect historical coquina ruins.


Zomlefer, Wendy and David Giannasi. “Floristic Survey of Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St. Augustine, Florida.” Castanea. Vol. 70 (2005): 222-236.

Florida Public Archaeology Network. 28 February 2008 <http://www.flpublicarchaeology.org>.

Lawson, Charles and John Cornelison. Archaeological Investigations of the San Pablo and San Pedro Bastions at Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, St. Augustine, FL. Tallahassee, FL: Southeast Archaeological Center, 2002.

The Conservation and Preservation of Coquina – A Symposium on Historical Building Material in the Coastal Southeast. 28 February 2008 <http://www.flheritage.com/preservation/architecture/coquina/coquina_


Kelley Weitzel, http://www.KelleyWeitzel.com

Student Articles & Activities:

1. What does a coquina conservator do?
2. Fighting Chemical Attacks
3. Fighting Biological Attacks
4. Fighting Human Attacks
5. EXPERIMENT: Choosing the Right Mortar


Absorb, Archaeology, Biological, Conservation, Conservator, Contract, Coquina, Erode, Excavate, Expand, Fern, Flex, Foundation, Herbicide, Lichen, Limewash, Mortar, Moss, Repointing, Resource, Species, Structure, Tabby, Vandalism, Vine


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